Examples of Students Essays

Product and Demand

Pick a brand of a product

For this assignment, I decided to choose a product brand for detergents such as Gain Detergent. As a marketer what do you want to happen to the demand for this brand?

As a marketer, I want the demand for the product to increase. In a market saturated with so many detergents including homemade soaps and detergents, the sales may remain stagnant or may even be marginally decreasing hence it’s paramount for the product’s demand to rise above the demand of its close substitutes in the market.

What do you want to happen to the price elasticity of demand for this brand?

The price elasticity of demand is a measure of a product’s responsiveness to changes in the price of the product. As a marketer, I want the price elasticity of demand for this product to be elastic which means that a small change in price for the product will cause large changes in the quantity demanded of the product. In a market saturated with multiple substitutes, there’s need for the product demand to respond to any changes in price whether small or big.

How do you want to affect consumers’ perception of the available substitutes for your brand?

The perception of the consumers in a market full of close substitutes for a product will be the sales driver for any marketer. I want to impact the consumers’ perception in such a way that even though there is a lot of other detergents on the market in their mind, there will only be one Gain Detergent. I want my product to be the first thing that comes to their mind whenever they think of laundry.

How would you accomplish your goals?

There are so many arguments that I can use as a marketer to position my product to the consumers, but not all of them are effective. The best argument, however, would be pricing strategy. I would raise the price of the product above the competitors’ range. Typically in a market with close substitutes businesses and consumers would charge and expect low prices respectively. Charging higher prices would create the perception of there being something unique about my product which will attract customers to the product thereby increasing the demand for my product.

Examples of Students Essays

Women history

Briefly, summarize the primary source or sources. Are they letters, essays, photographs, etc.? When were they written/produced and by who?

The source represents a compilation of photographs in the form of artistic works or images drawn in the late 15th century and early 16th century. The pictures were drawn by different people and in a different location across Europe and in America. These pictorial publications are meant or aim at helping people understand how the indigenous women lived their lives. There are several of these publications including Theodor De Bry’s Multivolume Great Voyages (1590) which is an illustration of geography, flora, and fauna, and accounts of native Flanders. The image of this publication is based on the work of artist Jacques Le Moyne De Morgues. The image is seen to describe Timucua which was an agricultural tribe who grew among others corn, beans, and squash. The women in this image are seen sowing alongside men who are doing the ploughing. The women are also portrayed as being nude which was a thing of classical beauty in Europe back then. Another publication about the indigenous women work is portrayed in Moeurs Des Sauvages Ameriquains (1974) by artist Joseph-Francois Lafitau. This image shows women busy collecting sap dripping from trees and putting it in kettles which are on fire while others are busy preparing the fields and sowing corn at the same time. John White in his drawing the Theire Sitting at Meate (1585-1586) he shows an unusual arrangement where a man and a woman sit side by side performing chores together. John White also in his drawing of a chief Lady of Pomeiooc and Her Daughter shows the lifestyle of indigenous women. The image shows how the women used to decorate themselves by showing a tattooed woman wearing a necklace walking side by side with a young girl who is also wearing a necklace. John White also drew an image showing women participation in public rituals in his drawing, Indians Dancing around a Circle of Posts where women stand side by side alongside men both inside the circle where the ritual is taking place and outside the circle. There’s also an image about Pocahontas who is considered to be the most famous Native American woman. This image portrays how she was able to convince her father who a very powerful chief of Powhatan to spare the life of one Captain John Smith. The last image from the source is the image of Pocahontas herself in 1616 which was drawn as a way to celebrate a brief trip she took to England. She is presented as a Native American royalty who led to the transplantation of the English culture in the new world.

Identify the purpose of the source? Why did the author write this? Who might have been the largest audience and what are they trying to say about women in American society?

The purpose of this source is to shed light on the role of women in ancient times. There have been inequalities in history between men and women where there is little of women history as compared to the history of their male counterparts. What this source will try to do is to finally close the gap that has been void for a long time. Therefore, the biggest audience is the modern day historians who are oblivion to the history of women. The author is trying to communicate to modern scholars about the forgotten history of the women of America. The author also is trying to build a case for the role of women in the American society. He shows that even from a long time ago maybe even before civilization the women were part of the societal agendas and were as much as involved in developments as were the men. The author sets apart the roles of both men and women in the publication implying that in American society every gender has its role. He portrays the American woman also as an attractive woman who dressed and decorated herself to look presentable.

Relate the source to themes in women’s history

The themes in women’s’ history include gender and sexuality. The source identifies and amplifies these themes in its images and drawings. In these drawings, the role of both women and men are separated. In the image of Indians Planting Corn from Theodor De Bry’s Multivolume Great Voyages (1590), we see a gender card being played. The women in this image are portrayed to be undertaking simpler tasks as compared to the men – while the men are digging the women are sowing. In this image also, we see the sexuality of women being portrayed. The women appear only to cover the lower parts of their bodies as a way of reflecting their beauty. The author even says that nudity among women was common in this era. Such is the debate even today when it comes to gender and women sexuality which has been amplified by the belief of decent women back in the days. However, these images show that at one-time nudity was once a way of life.

How can historians use this source to describe women’s history?

The historians can use these publications as sources of evidence of the existence of women history. In the recent past, studies of historians and women movement activist have been discredited on the ground of no references with which to base their historical findings. The historians can use these publications by conducting detailed investigations about the information as portrayed by the images on various aspects of economic, social and political history. The historians can, therefore, use this source with which to educate the current generations of the way of life of their ancestors to help make some of the complicated societal issues easier to understand.

How does it relate to themes such as politics, economics, society or other theme seen somewhere in the course?

In the drawings and images found in this publication, we see both men and women working together socially, economically, and even politically. Economically, for instance, the Theodor De Bry’s Multivolume Great Voyages (1590) show sowing seeds alongside men doing the ploughing. Socially the Indians dancing around a circle of posts show women partaking in community ritual alongside men. Politically we see Pocahontas a woman intervening in the politics of her tribe and successfully convinces her father the chief to pardon a man. The source connects the women to the thematic issues of politics, economic and society.

Examples of Students Essays

Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Kevin Davis Article “Does coming to college mean becoming someone new”

Novelist, Kevin Davis, in his narrative Article, “Does coming to college mean becoming someone new,” recounts his hardships encountered in his  Higher Education journey when he joined college and how the new system made him dislike what he liked most. Through his experiences, Davis narrates how he had to learn and think differently as a new student in college to adjust well and grow as a person. Davis was not able to recognize the impact of change until the moment when he attempted to change his writing skills to emerge out as a successful scholar. He adopts a persuasive tone that convey similar feelings and experiences to his colleague students readers to adopt change as a way of out looking themselves (Davis 115).

The narrator’s main purpose is to convey the idea that, upon joining college’s students must be ready and willing to adjourn their old way of doing things and adopt new changes as a way of advancing themselves. College experiences offer students a number of opportunities to enhance their careers by being able to think critically about their perceptions of life and its relation to the jobs awaiting them in the real world (Davis 117).

Davis begins his article by introducing himself at his early stages in undergraduate college where he demonstrates his frustrations while studying English major. His new experiences on how the subjects were being lectured left him questioning if SUNY Oswego institution was offering the best for his major. This triggered him to think differently and be ready to adopt the change that would come through positively. He appeals to the new learning environment as a new adventure that would make him more successful amid his colleagues and instructors who will be overwhelmed by his progress in writing (Davis 116). He also addresses his classmates on the relevant course liking and acceptance of change as a transition into rhetorician in the discourse community. He speaks briefly defining what a discourse community is, their outlooks, and how an effective discourse community can be enhanced by creating clubs, making new friends and holding constructive discussions (Davis 116).

Davis shifts his tribute to the transformation role of college through the experiences that allow students to go through a transition from childhood to adulthood. He acknowledges that new students often find out new things about themselves that help them to make wiser decisions in their academics as well as in the immediate world they are about to enter. He vindicates to the dispositional anxious emotions of the audience by admitting his unreadiness to associate with a new profession that he had never imagined before. He wondered how products are edited? How long it takes for the work to be completed, and the overall outlook at the process of having thing get done on time (Davis 120). He ascertains the literary studies to his appreciation of other professions such as the broadcasting of TV productions and business management because he understands the role each party plays in enhancing personalities. Many times people are fast to judge student’s negative personality change while in college, however, it is also good to appreciate the positive change that gradually develops unnoticed (Davis 116).

Throughout the article, Davis maintains a motivational mood shaped by venturing different discourse communities that are offered in higher learning institutions. Davis observes the students aggressiveness to new academic discourse communities as a requirement towards the achievement of writing and thinking strategies (Davis 114). He points out that the problematic entry into college should serve crucial personal investments toward familiarization of the new learning environment. He goes further to analyse his own personal research using a comparison of two students who are in the process of learning how to navigate the social work discourse to achieve self-realization of their personal involvement in adoption of necessary changes that ultimately contributed to their success (Davis 115).

Davis contrasts his decisiveness by admitting his negative outlook on life before he joined college. He recalls several times when he made bad decisions that would have affected his entire life if he never realised useful skills that helped him grow as a person thereafter.  He juxtaposes college as the only place where people have little responsibility and the ability to transform amazingly. The author suggests the moment he avoided all the drama and negativities associated with college social life as his turning point because of mistrust issues from students he knew back from his village (Davis 116). Additionally, he shifts that subjects attitude while in college can be a strategy for students who wishes to perform well in the specific unit as well as the profession associated with it. His speech leaves some readers frustrated when he illustrates his hardships in finding himself in a new environment. Similarly, student readers are greatly in a jovial mood towards the end of his narrative upon realizing the opportunities that come along with college experiences for students who are ready to adopt change and become responsible persons based on their overall outlook of life and higher learning education systems (Davis 119).

Davis confirms a conclusion for his personal experiences as a reflection of what new students face as well as their dedication undergo the changes required emerge out successfully as their join the immediate discourse community.

 

Work Cited

Davis, Kevin. “Does Coming to College Mean Becoming Someone New?.” The Subject Is Writing (1993): 99-104.

 

 

Examples of Students Essays

The battle of Formigny – Abstract


Introduction


The battle of Formigny
(FR. Bataille de Formigny, the English. Battle of
Formigny
, 15 April 1450) — critical
the battle the final phase of the hundred years
war. A complete victory for the French; English
army in Normandy was actually
destroyed.



1.
The background


King Charles Of France
VII took the time of peace
Tours provided by the contract 1444
year. The French army was much
strengthened and reorganized. The British,
on the contrary, the truce did not benefit.
Henry VI was too weak and limp
the ruler and its impact on management
government gradually decreased.
In England was increasing dissatisfaction with the policy,
held by the wife of Henry Queen
Margaret Of Anjou. Sharpened
contradictions, which several
years later led to the beginning of the War
Red and White roses. When in 1449 the French
terminated the truce, they were in
winning positions. On 31 July 1449 Carl
VII launched an offensive in Normandy. In
August the French took the Pont-l’évêque
Lisieux. On 10 November the British surrendered Rouen, 1
Jan 1450 – Harfleur.


In winter, 1449-1450.
Portsmouth was formed by a small
the British army (about 3,000 people) under
sir Thomas Kyrielle. 15
Mar 1450 they landed at Cherbourg,
where they were joined by a detachment of sir Matthew
Gough (about 2,000 soldiers).



2.
Battle


Kirill went
to the South, and towards him moved two
the French army; one under the command
Charles of Bourbon, count de Clermont (probably
around 3,000 soldiers), and the second led
the constable of France Artur de Richmon,
the future Duke of Brittany (1500-2000 people).
Advancing East from Carentan,
14 APR Kyriell located near the village
Forming.


On April 15 the army of Clermont
went to the British. The army stood up a friend
opposite each other on the road Carentan-Bayeux.
The distance between them is equal to three
the flight of the arrow. The British had
to dig in and secure the ground stakes.


Clermont began the attack,
without waiting for reinforcements. The French
tried to attack the British at
the flanks, however, the British with ease
strayed. Then Clermont ordered
to bombard the British out of the two siege gun.
The shelling apparently made
anxiety in advanced units of the English:
they left behind their fortifications and
captured guns. The French rushed
meet them and beat off culebrina. Started
melee it.


At this time from the South
came the army of de Richmon. Kirill
tried to rebuild its forces
in a semi-circle to repel the attacks on both
of the parties. But, leaving their fortified
the position of the British force was wiped out
on groups of enemy fire and
destroyed individually. Kirill
was captured, and the English army was
defeated.



3.
The consequences of the battle


The battle of Formigny
often recognized first in which cannon
played a significant role (the first
a battle in which the contribution of the artillery
had crucial importance, is considered
the next battle, at Castillon). About it
of course, it is difficult to judge, because you can
notice that more significant was the attack
the powerful cavalry of the future Duke
Brittany Arthur on the flank of the British, which
made the last to leave prepared
position.


Here, perhaps, should
to say that a significant role
siege gun at Formigny is not
in the losses they have caused to the British
and the fact that your shots from a distance
filed Reshmonu a signal that you need
hurry up and quickly join the battle.
It was great luck for Clermont
(one of his captains wrote later,
that if the constable (Richman) a little
too late, the army of Clermont would have received
“irreparable harm”).


Anyway, English
the army was almost completely destroyed,
while French and Breton
the loss did not exceed 1,000 people were killed
and wounded. Only Matthew Gough with multiple
people could get to Bayeux. The French,
almost without opposition, took
the entire region. 12 Aug surrendered
Cherbourg. Normandy after decades
English rule was returned
France. In the North of the country in the hands of the British
only Calais remained.


Literature



  • Basovskaya N. I.
    The hundred years war: leopard vs Lily.
    M., 2002. P. 333-347.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Форминьи

Examples of Students Essays

The battle of the five Fox – Report


Introduction


The battle at five Fox
(eng. Battle of Five Forks) is one of the
the last battles of the American
the civil war occurred on April 1,
1865 southwest of Petersburg, state
Virginia. Sometimes, this battle is called
“Waterloo Of The Confederacy”. In this
the battle of Federal major General
Philip Sheridan acted against General
Confederate George Pickett. The defeat
Pickett led to the fact that General Lee
decided to take Petersburg and begin
the retreat that led to the environment
when Appomatox April 9, 1865.



1.
The background


In March, 1865, the army
It was half-encircled under
The Petersberg. Sheridan started deep
Reid to bypass the positions of the army or for the purpose
their environment. From Dinwiddie in the way of Sheridan
was the division of Pickett, which
managed to drop the vanguard and Sheridan
halted the offensive of the Federal
army.


After the battle of
Dinwiddie on March 31, Pickett learned of
reinforcements arriving from the 5th
Federal housing and decided to move on
position Hatchers farm. However, If
ordered Pickett to hold the crossroads
Five Fox forces his division and three
cavalry divisions. “Fox five”
is considered the crossroads of the road white Oak,
Scott’s road, Fords road and Dinwiddie Court
road. The order of General Lee begins:








Hold
Five Fox under any circumstances.
Protect me the way to Fords-Depot and not
let the forces of the Union attack
Southern railway. do you wish you had
to retreat, and you have failed
to realize their potential.



People Pickett built
a long line of defense around 2.8
kilometers in length on the road white Oak, and
the cavalry covered their flanks. Plan
Sheridan was to provide
pressure around the edge of a small
forces of cavalry, the bulk of the 5th
corps of General Warren’s left attack
flank of the Confederate army. Bad card
and error exploration has led to the fact that
Sheridan had pictured left flank
much more extensive to the East,
than he was actually.


Dirty roads and thick
the undergrowth hampered the promotion
Federal troops and Warren was not ready
attack to 16:00. Sheridan disliked
Warren from the very beginning of the campaign and
received the tacit approval of the Grant
to shift Warren, if he was admitted
miss. The delay was the reason to blame
Warren of incompetence. However,
Sheridan’s cavalry clashed with those
same problems and were slow
effectively.



2.
The battle


According to the plan the Sheridan
the attack was carried out by two divisions,
and the third followed them as a backup.
The right division under General Samuel Crawford
attacked the edge of the defensive
line, and the left division of the Romain Aires
attacked the center. However, due to inaccuracies
intelligence division of Crawford passed
line, a division of the Aires got under
enfilade fire from the left. Started
confusion: two divisions tried
rebuilt in dense thickets.
Reserve division (Charles Griffin)
stopped, in order not to complicate
position. Warren sent orderlies with
order to readjust, but in the end he
went to command on the spot. It
time Sheridan, who went with
division street, personally led the attack
and knocked over the left flank of the Pickett line
– this episode will often be
portrayed by artists.


Southerners tried
to organize a new defensive
line, but the division of Griffin bypassed division
Aires on the right and also went on the attack.
Warren ordered Crawford to attack with
North. Cavalry Sheridan walked right
the flank of Pickett, but failed to cut
southerners path of retreat. However,
despite the disorganization, it
was a decisive victory for the Union – squad
George Pickett lost about a third of
from their 9200 soldiers.



3.
The consequences


The Image Of Pickett,
after Gettysburg, the victim, got
another blow: in the beginning of the battle
he was 3 kilometers away from the battlefield,
having dried horse mackerel (together with
Fitzhugh Lee and Thomas Rosser). He even
has not informed subordinates of his absence
and thus left the division without
command. When he arrived on the field
the battle, it was too late.


The loss of the crossroads
Five Fox threatened loss of the southern railway
road, the main escape route
Whether army. The next morning Lee said
President Davis that Petersburg and
Richmond must be evacuated, and
Grant began a General attack on the position
the confederates in front of the Petersberg.


At five Fox was killed
Federal General Frederick Winthrop
and mortally wounded artillery
Colonel Willie Pegram, REB. Sheridan
was dissatisfied with the actions of the 5th corps
in the battle, and under this pretext was removed
Warren from command.


Currently
the place of this battle is under
security, as part of the Petersberg
national Park (Petersburg National Battlefield).



List
literature:



  1. Statistics
    on the website militaryhistory.about.com (eng.)


  2. Statistics on the website
    “Battle Summaries” (PDF).



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Файв-Фокс

Examples of Students Essays

The battle of Pat – Abstract


Introduction


The battle of Pat
(FR. Bataille de Patay, eng. Battle of
Patay
) is a battle that took place 18
Jun 1429 between the French and
the English troops. The battle was
one of the key moments of the final
stage of the hundred years war.



1.
The background


May 8, 1429, the army
Joan of Arc lifted the siege of Orleans, having broken
thus English plans to move
to the South of France. Due to obstructions
her courtiers of Charles VII, Jeanne was able
re-enter the campaign only a month.
France at this time was the mastery of
key English fortified
points on the Loire, which allowed to develop
the attack on the British occupied
the North of the country.


Loire operation
developed rapidly. June 12
the French army stormed Jargeau,
June 15 was taken Meung-sur-Loire, June 16 —
Beaugency.


English army under
the command of the best English
commander, John Talbot, and sir
John fastolf made to the Loire
in an effort to stop the French
offensive.



2.
Placement


The British army
moved quite carefully,
in an effort to catch the French by surprise,
however, the case helped those to reveal
the location of the British. Scouts
the French heard a loud hunting
the cries of the English soldiers at the sight
ran past them buck.


The French decided
to attack immediately, not giving the British as
you should prepare for battle. Rate
was made into a powerful attack heavy
cavalry, despite the fact that such tactics
led to the defeats at Crecy and Agincourt.
The vanguard of the army was headed by Etienne de
Vignoles, nicknamed La hire, and de drown it
Central; in the main part of the army
were Joan of Arc, the Duke of
D’alençon, count of dunois and constable
Richmon.


The British army also
used traditional
a build — ahead of the squad of archers,
followed by the vanguard under the command of
Talbot, still further the detachment of Fastolfe.
The British took up positions on old
Roman road on Janville, in her place
the intersection with the road Pathe Orleans.
Due to lack of time, the British did not
managed to fully deploy the line
archers and a vanguard, that was one of
the causes of the disaster.



3.
The battle and its consequences


The first shot
the vanguard of the French people overthrew the archers
successfully taking advantage of the mess
in their ranks and attacking them from three
of the parties. After a short fight with the vanguard
under the command of Talbot, a British
were defeated, and Talbot was captured.
A group of fastolf at the sight of defeat
avant-garde possessed a panic, and they rushed
to run, so approached the main
French parts were only
to pursue the fleeing.


The defeat of the British was
full, more than half of the soldiers were
killed, wounded and captured, the rest
scattered. The loss of the French did not exceed
100. The battle of Pat was his
kind of a “reflection” of the battle of Agincourt.


Talbot was captured,
where was to 1433 g fastolf fled
battle with a bunch of soldiers. Subsequently, in
England, many thought him a coward and
the main culprit for the defeat in the Pat.
Probably he was the inspiration
for the character of Shakespeare is a coward
bouncer Falstaff.


Moral value
victory when Pat was even more military.
The outcome of the battle caused an unprecedented Patriotic
the rise and gave the French hope
on the imminent end of British power.
The British and their allies were scared
so much so that in the subsequent
battle of the “bloodless March” to Reims
handed over to the French town after town without
single shot. The battle of Pat, along
with the lifting of the siege of Orleans and the coronation
Charles VII in Reims, was a turning
by the time of the hundred years war, which led
to the expulsion of the English from France.



4.
Primary sources



  • Journal
    de Siège d’orléans et du Voyage de Reims see also the translation:
    Diary of the siege of Orleans and travel
    to Reims/June 1429


  • The chronicles of Enguerrand de
    Monstrelet. Chapter LXI. P. 554-555



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Пате

Examples of Students Essays

Battle of Pavia – Abstract


Introduction


The battle of Pavia (24
Feb 1525) — a key battle
during the Italian wars (1494-1559) between
the Spaniards and the French. The first battle
New time, marked the beginning of
the successful use of a manual
firearms.



1.
The background


In 1521 starts
the third period of the Italian wars —
the struggle of France and the coalition of Spain and
The Holy Roman Empire for hegemony
in Italy. The main theater
action becomes Northern Italy.
In the beginning of the war, the Spaniards are getting on
the new weapons a dangerous weapon —
musket.


Charles V drew on his
the side of the British, the Pope, Mantua
and Florence. Allies of the French
king were Venice and Switzerland.


In 1521 the Spanish-Imperial
army suddenly attacked the Lombardy
and captured Milan. French troops
were defeated at Bicocca. Dad took
Parma and Piacenza.


In 1522 Spanish
army occupied Genoa.


Next year
Venice made a separate peace with
allies, losing Gradiska Austria,
and the English troops attacked Picardy.


By the end of 1524
French troops were completely
expelled from Italy, and the Spanish fleet
besieged Marseille. In 1524 the king of France
Francis I passes of the Alps, is
Milan and controlled
a garrison of 700 Spaniards and 7 thousand
mercenaries the city of Pavia.



2.
Party battles



  • The French
    and the Swiss (king Francis I) — 26
    thousands of soldiers, including 6-6,5 (for different
    sources) thousand knights; 17 thousand
    pikemen, including 8 thousand Swiss,
    5-12 (according to different sources) of thousands
    mercenaries of the “black gang”; 53
    artillery.


  • The Spaniards and Imperials
    (Fernando d’avalos — General
    Of Charles V) — 4 thousand knights and 19 thousand
    infantry (including 12 thousand German
    landsknechts). According to others, 2.5 thousand
    cavalry; 17 thousand pikemen; 3 thousands
    Musketeers.




3.
The tide of battle


In late October, 1524
year the Franco-Swiss army is coming
to Pavia. Artillery destroys the wall, but
the Spanish garrison meets assault
to prepared second line
fortifications: before extreme homes dug
the ditch, from the Windows of houses fires. Francis
Ι made a decision to block the city.
The garrison and residents of the city experience
the lack of food, but kept
Stojko.


In early February, 1525
year to the city is the Imperial army
under the command of General Fernando
d Avalos. The army of Francis breaks
the camp on the East side, as
from there, the expected emergence of
of the enemy. The Imperials, as expected,
a camp on the East side,
100 m from circumvallazione line.
Francis decides to follow
defensive course of action
relying on the collapse of the Imperial troops,
where the mercenaries for a long time have not received
salary.


Under the threat of disobedience
the greater part of the troops, Fernando d’avalos
was forced to attack. Spanish engineers
in the night from 23 to 24 February destroyed the weak
guarded the Northern section of the
circumvallazione line (brick
the wall in the hunting Park). The area
here was a hilly
meadow, overgrown with trees and shrubs,
we cross several streams. In the morning
the camp of the French were suddenly attacked
Imperial cavalry and mercenaries.
Francis led the counterattack heavy
cavalry and supported by artillery,
pushed forwards in hunting Park,
but there is a French heavy cavalry
was shot by Spanish Musketeers.
When approached by the “black gang”, the enemy
had a two-fold numerical superiority
and drew the South German mercenaries in
flight. The Swiss arrived, to the place
the fight too late and was attacked
from the rear of the garrison of Pavia. The rearguard
French troops under the command of
the Duke d’alençon did not dare to join
the battle. Seeing the defeat of the main forces
the French, the Duke ordered his
to retreat to the Ticino river and after the crossing
to destroy the bridge. Remains of French
troops lost their way of retreat.



4.
Loss



  • The French —
    12 thousand men (according to others —
    approx. 10 thousand).


  • Spaniards.
    500 warriors.




3.
The tide of battle


The Spaniards deblocked
Pavia. Francis I was captured. Giving up,
he said the famous phrase: “All
is lost, except honour”.



6.
The consequences


6.1.
The political consequences


Francis I yielded
Charles V, the Duchy of Milan and the Duchy of
Burgundy, but returned to France
(the hostages were his sons), he
renounced the Treaty. The war continued.


6.2.
Implications for the art of war


From the time of the battle of
Pavia musket is of vital
the value in the armament of the infantry changes
infantry tactics formed a special
musketeer parts. This is the final battle
The middle ages and the first battle of the New
time.


Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Павии

Examples of Students Essays

The battle of Mulberg – Abstract


Introduction


The battle of Mulberg
— At the battle of Mulberg the Emperor’s army
Charles V defeated the 24th of April 1547 troops
Smalkalden Union. One of
leaders of the Union of the Saxon elector
Johann Friedrich was taken prisoner. With the victory
in the battle Schmalkaldischen war was
won by the Emperor.



1.
The tide of battle


Protestant troops
a number of the 7,000 soldiers under the command
elector Johann Friedrich of Saxony
were taken by surprise in his field
camp Mulberge. They were to
North of the Elbe on the March of Meissen
via mühlberg, Torgau to Wittenberg.
On the morning of 24 April, they were preparing to continue
the movement in the direction of Wittenberg.
Only a few guards and gun
calculations were protecting the camp from the side
Elba, without waiting for the crossing of the Elbe
of the Imperial troops.


Carl left later
by night with his brother Maurice of Saxony
to the river to explore the coast on
possible crossing. Elba was
at this place a width of 300 steps, and
the opposite Bank was much
above that which was from Carl
entourage. Meanwhile the Duke of Alba
skakavci forward returned with a young
a farmer who is out for revenge for the elector
Johann Friedrich away from him
two horses promised to specify Spanish
army Ford where they could pass the cavalry.
Moritz promised him for this service two
horses and a hundred crowns into the bargain.


Daybreak
under the cover of heavy fog, the Spaniards
started to cross to the opposite
shore, but were met by enemy fire.
The situation was complicated by the fact that standing in
the water they almost could not carry
return fire. Exclamation of the Emperor
that would be amazing to capture
boats standing on the enemy
the Bank responded to many Spaniards
throwing himself by swimming across the river having
only swords, which they held in
teeth. Mastering the boats after a short
battle with the Saxons they sent
them to your Bank, where it was curb
a squad to capture the springboard for
a further offensive. At the same time
across the river began to cross the horsemen.
Soon from the captured boats were built
the pontoon bridge on which
the opposite Bank and crossed
the remaining part of the army of Charles V.


It was Sunday morning
and the unsuspecting elector with
most of the officers took part
in the evangelistic service at
one of the tents. In vain he tried
to report that the enemy had crossed the
via the Elbe and deploys combat
order preparing for battle. Only after
the end of the mass he moved forward
the Spanish troops.


The battle ensued.
The elector, whose army greatly
outnumbered 17.000 Marines
and 10,000 horsemen of the enemy, hoping
to wait for the evening and under cover of darkness
retreat to the fortified city of Torgau
or Wittenberg. But the Protestant troops
was defeated by the army of Charles V to
nightfall.


In a small forest near
Falkenberg Spanish and Hungarian
hussars together with Neapolitan severe
riders surrounded the elector. It
defended themselves, fought bravely, was wounded by a shot
the sword in the face, captured and presented
first, the Duke of Alba, and finally
the Emperor.



2.
The consequences of the battle


The defeat at Mulberge
meant the defeat of Smalkalden
Union. The capitulation of Wittenberg on may 19
In 1547 ending the Schmalkaldic
war. Johann Friedrich lost the title
the elector and most of his lands
went to the ally of Charles V to the Duke Moritz
Saxon. Possession Ernestina
the line only remained in Thuringia.



3.
In art


The battle of Mulberg
immortalized in one of the greatest
creations by Titian – “equestrian portrait
Charles V”. Carl, clad in armor,
riding the war horse, embellished saddle cloth
and darling harness appears to be the only
the winner on the battlefield. In the right hand
he holds a spear, the sunset burning behind him
back, the day came to an end, the battle
over. The scene of the battle is missing
in the picture.


Behind external simplicity
composition hides a complex symbolism,
presenting Carl with one hand
as the Crusader knight, in
as the heir to the traditions of the Roman
Empire. In the composition of paintings
see the influence of the Roman horse
the statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.


Armor of the Emperor
depicted on the canvas, you can see
the Royal Armory in Madrid.


Literature



  • Geschichte
    der deutschen Höfe seit der Reformation, volume 7, Author: Carl
    Eduard Vehse


  • Weltgeschichte, volumes 7-8,
    Authors: Karl Friedrich Becker et al.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Мюльберге

Examples of Students Essays

Dream Job Compensation Plan and Appraisal Performance

In a contemporary world, the creation of a dream job is informed by a number of factors. Many successful professionals have acknowledged that during the creation of any job, a sustainable analysis of job description and appraisal performance is quite crucial. This paper will lead to the understanding of the human resource manager job description towards the creation of a job application that will attract all candidates who are qualified for the job vacancy. A proper job description should thus not be different from the actual job because this would be ethically wrong. All aspect of the job must be stated clearly in the job description to help in the maintenance of the position of the organization in the market (Williams, 2013).

Job description and specifications

The job description and position is the Human Resource Manager in the built environment who will be responsible for monitoring human resources in the construction industry by carrying out planning, implementation and evaluation of employee relations, practices, human resource policies and programs developed from time to time in the organization.

Title of the job

Human Resource Manager

Responsibility- the candidate will be responsible for being at the office to carry out employee relations duties and act as a mediator between the employee’s needs.

Location

Intercontinental community Company, Florida.

Purpose of the Job

The candidate is expected to achieve the professional satisfaction by using their skills in maintaining favourable working terms and conditions to increase their productivity levels in their specific jobs. The candidate will thus be responsible for handling employee’s matters and presenting their needs and complaints to the employer to increase employee’s motivation and involvement in the attainment of organizational goals (Herbes, 2011).

Main duties

Maintainance of employee benefits and compensation programs

To ensures that the legal compliance is maintained through monitoring and implementation of applicable human resource state requirements while conducting investigations and keeping records to represent the organization at hearings (Williams, 2013).

To maintain management roles by preparing and recommending human resource policies and procedures within the organization.

Maintains of all working structure such as creating updates for job requirements and job descriptions across all positions.

Establishment of good strategies for recruiting, testing, and interviewing all employees for the recommended changes.

Preparation of employee’s assignments through orientation and training programs.

Terms of employment

The successful job applicant will be required to work 48 hours a week based on the timings the organization will be operating. The salary scale is on a basic pay rate. Therefore, the will be entitled to all the national holidays and cultural breaks recognized by the organization depending on the beliefs.

Human Resources Manager Skills and Qualifications:

Qualifications

Master’s degree in business management or Human Resource Management

7 years of progressive experience in Hiring/ and employee supervision

Skills

Ability works independently and adjust to change. Other skills include planning and organizational skills, communication skills and expertise in Human Resources training.

Compensation and benefits package Design

Benefits and compensation are necessary for any workplace in offering labor-friendly condition to the staff.  Effective compensation and benefits program ensure that employees get adequate payment depending on their potential using a systematic approach aligned with monetary value in exchange for the work performed. The purposes of job compensation are to design a salary by considering the employee’s recruitment, job performance, and job satisfaction. Benefits are special kind of compensation awarded to employees in additional to their usual wages and salaries (Falcone et al, 2007).

All the qualified candidate equally access the following compensation and benefits which entail; basic salary pay, Paid Vacation, Disability allowances, FMLA, Social Security and Health Insurance, transparent Pension Plan, access to jobs, monthly Compensation. The full benefits package is only applicable for the candidate who is full-time employees with the company Salary Pay (Herbes, 2011).

Salary Pay

This is the basic compensation for position candidates once they submit their resume accompanied by wage proposal.

Disability Insurance

The company offers a disability insurance in case any employee becomes temporally disable with a pay of 45% of the employee average monthly wage, for a period of at least 25 weeks.

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

This benefit package offers employee’s job protected leave to take care of their families. Eligible employees are entitled to a minimum of eight months leave following a birth of a newborn after delivery. Additionally, employees may request for Family and Medical Leave to take care of newborns and their spouses in case of a serious health condition, injuries or long illness of close family member that affects the staff performance at work. However, this package is only available to employees whose jobs are covered by Social Security benefits (Herbes, 2011).

Unemployment insurance

In cases of job redundancy or retrenchment employees and qualified candidates are eligible for unemployment benefits which includes six months basic salary pay.

Workers Compensation

The organization adopts a work compensation plan for employees who suffer physical injuries while at work in accordance with the workers’ compensation laws. As such, the employee will be paid two-thirds of for their salaries to cater for lost wages as well as other medical bills (Herbes, 2011).

Paid Vacation and pension designs

The vacation will be offered for two weeks paid holiday in the first year worked and an additional week after five years of employer’s commitment to work.

Pension plan will include a well-designed retirement plan based on salary pay and their duration of their contracts. The pension will be contributed by both the employer and employees contributions. Employers may seek a 401 K plan for taking cash or decide to defer their retirement benefits under the benefits of their plan (Williams, 2013).

Health Insurance

All the selected candidates will qualify for medical benefits. Different plans are available for employees depending on the packages that suit them well. It offers life insurance, overall health, dental, and vision insurance cover. The employer pays for 50 of the pay and the employee clears the balance (Williams, 2013).

Rationalization

The main purpose of setting up such a compensation and benefits package is to give employees a good working environment not to worry about their jobs. The designed job security will ensure that staff members work harder for the benefit of the organization. It also ensures that no individual in the company is left unbiased because the design is fair to all.  The design has also been created to increase goal objectivity through expansion of the company’s strategies through employee satisfaction. Employee’s performance has also been increased through the design created that adopts performance sheets (Falcone et al, 2007).

The rationalization has been achieved by carrying out Research Tactics in a primary research. The data collected for the research has been obtained from The Bank of New York using a direct investigation in form of questionnaire, direct conversations, and analysis of the feedback information received (Falcone et al, 2007).

 

Performance appraisal program to assess Human Resource Mangers performance

Within the organization, the appraisal will be designed in a unique way to ensure the company utilizes the candidate’s contribution. In in the Intercontinental community Company appraisal will be done annually and saved as for review purposes not to be used against anyone. The appraisal papers are not used for the purposes of firing or penalizing the employers but as a means of evaluation. Employee’s performance will be evaluated based on the worker performance for a period of twelve months. Herbes (2011) other grading mechanisms will also be influenced by monitoring the peer interaction and social networking. A grade will also be given based on the computer compensation and course generalization that the staff may have taken after their employment. The organization will work to ensure that every employee gets is offered a fair chance at the end of the year (Herbes, 2011).

Rationalization

Performance Appraisal has been useful in many local and multinational companies. They instil employees with a clear understanding of their responsibilities and duties by assigning and evaluating tasks offered to them by the organization. It assists employees with an opportunity to enhance their career increasing their dedication and commitment towards their organization. Herbes (2011) adds that Performance appraisal offers managers and such as salary rise, development programs for employee development, promotion scopes, availability of transfers, and the creation of training and performance feedback. According to Williams (2013), a number of public and private employees waits keenly until their performances are appraised so as to ask for salary increments, promotions, and exposure to development potential. A formal performance appraisal program serves managers with an opportunity to carry out formal decision process within the organization (Falcone et al, 2007).

Research and considerations into Human Resource manager’s performance appraisal program

This assignment looks into Literature Review to research the benefits and the purpose of Performance appraisal. It was first used in china during the Wei dynasty across the third century. Additionally, it was put into use in the UK in Robert Owens ‘silent monitors’. Additional evidence of its effectiveness can be traced by analyzing its use In US when Army General introduced the program to evaluate his army men. During these period employee appraisals served the purposes of employee retention, promotion and salary adjustment (Williams, 2013).

Human resource management has direct roles to play in the performance appraisal. The research identifies human resource management roles in an appraisal that provides them with responsibilities on the purposes of employee Evaluation, social Development, and Employee protection. Williams (2013) also justifies organizations need to align themselves with the HR objectives and practices on the corporate strategy that has been useful in increasing performance in the organization (Falcone et al, 2007).

Creating a dream job is always a process that should be well handled. To achieve a dream job for any Human resource manager’s positions, organizations adopts effective hiring procedures through the selection of the candidate who thrives well through interviews. The employee’s motivation can be achieved through the adoption of an effective compensation and benefits plan that helps them to concentrate on their duties and attain goals set ahead because they have no worries. Benefits and compensations must always be fair to all employees and are often revised to adjust the employees pay to depend on their outstanding performance. To relate well with members of staff organizations have come up with performance appraisal plans that are designed to evaluate employee’s performance and motivate them to be more productive in their duties.  (Falcone et al, 2007).

Appraisal has been useful in many local and multinational companies. They instil employees with a clear understanding of their responsibilities and duties by assigning and evaluating tasks offered to them by the organization. It assists employees with an opportunity to enhance their career increasing their dedication and commitment towards their organization. Herbes (2011) adds that Performance appraisal offers managers and such as salary rise, development programs for employee development, promotion scopes, availability of transfers, and creation of training and performance feedback. According to Williams (2013) a number of public and private employees waits keenly until their performances are appraised so as to ask for salary increments, promotions, and exposure to development potential. A formal performance appraisal program serves mangers with an opportunity to carry out formal decision process within the organization (Falcone et al, 2007).

Research and considerations into Human Resource manager’s performance appraisal program

This assignment looks into Literature Review to research the benefits and the purpose of Performance appraisal. It was first used in china during the Wei dynasty across third century. Additionally it was put into use in UK in Robert Owens ‘silent monitors’. Additional evidence of its effectiveness can be traced by analysing its use In US when Army General introduced the program to evaluate his army men. During these period employee appraisals served the purposes of employee retention, promotion and salary adjustment (Williams, 2013).

Human resource management have direct roles to play in the performance appraisal. The research identifies human resource management roles in appraisal that provides them with responsibilities on the purposes of employee Evaluation, social Development, and Employee protection. Williams (2013) also justifies organizations need to align themselves with the HR objectives and practices on the corporate strategy that has been useful in increasing performance in the organization (Falcone et al, 2007).

Creating a dream job is always a process that should be well handled. To achieve a dream job for any Human resource manager’s positions, organizations adopts effective hiring procedures through selection of the candidate who thrives well through interviews. The employee’s motivation can be achieved through adoption of an effective compensation and benefits plan that helps them to concentrate on their duties and attain goals set ahead because they have no worries. Benefits and compensations must always be fair to all employees and are often revised to adjust the employees pay depending on their outstanding performance. To relate well with members of staff organizations have come up with performance appraisal plans that are designed to evaluate employee’s performance and motivate them to be more productive in their duties.  (Falcone et al, 2007).

 

References

Falcone, P., Sachs, R., & Sachs, R. (2007). Productive performance appraisals (1st ed.). New York: AMACOM, American Management Association.

Herbes, S. (2011). New Jersey employee benefits handbook (1st ed.). New Brunswick, N.J.: New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education.

Williams, C. (2013). Effective management (1st ed.). Australia: South-Western.

 

Examples of Students Essays

The battle of Klokotnitsa – Abstract


Introduction


The battle of Klokotnitsa
(Bulgarian. The cue ball with klokotnica) — battle
between the armies of Bulgaria and Epirus,
was held on 9 March 1230 near the village
Klokotnica. In the resulting battle the Second
Bulgarian Kingdom became
the strongest Balkan state
Peninsula.



1.
The beginning of the conflict


Around 1221-1222 years
Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II of Epirus
the despot Theodore Komnenos concluded a Union
the contract against the Latin Empire. In
the result of the subsequent war Epirus
captured the Kingdom of Thessalonica and
proclaimed itself an Empire, and Bulgaria
got land in Macedonia, including
Ohrid. After the death of the Latin Emperor
Robert de Courtenay in 1228, Ivan Asen
II was considered the most likely candidate
the Regency over Baldwin II. Theodore
believed that Bulgaria is the latest
impediment to the return to Constantinople,
in the beginning of March 1230 he invaded the Bulgarians.



2.
Battle


Theodore Komnenos collected
a huge army, including the West
mercenaries. He was so confident of victory
his army that he took with his wife and
children. Burdened with the baggage the army
was moving slowly. When Bulgarian
the king found out about the attack, he gathered
a small army of a few thousand
soldiers, including Polovtsian cavalry, and
rushed to meet the enemy.
The number of his army, according to different sources
different, according to some
the number of troops does not exceed one thousand
people. For four days the Bulgarians
gone the distance three times larger,
than the army Theodore during the week.


9 March of the army was found
near the village of Klokotnitsa. Ivan II
used as the flag of the spear with the contract
about the Union, artfully torn Epirus. It
was a good tactician, and he managed
catch the enemy off guard. Battle
ended before sunset. Epirus
the army was completely destroyed, part
troops were killed, some were captured,
including the Theodore and his family.



3.
The consequences


Ivan Asen II immediately
released prisoners of war. Thanks
this noble gesture on subsequent
the promotion into the country a
the fortress surrendered to the Bulgarians without
resistance. Theodore was first
graciously accepted by Esenem, but later
were they blinded. Bulgarian Kingdom
moved the possession of the despotate of Thrace to
Thessaloniki, the cities of Adrianople,
Of Didymoteicho, Serra. Himself the despotate of Epirus
split into two States with the centers
in Thessalonica and in Art.


The battle took place
in day of memory of the Forty of Sebaste
the martyrs whose memory was made
and committed 22 (9 articles) March;
the honor of the victory in the Church dedicated to
martyrs, Ivan Asen ordered to put
the column with the inscription:








In the summer of 6738 (1230),
the third Indiction, I, Ivan Asen, in Christ
God faithful Tsar and autocrat of the Bulgarians,
the son of an old Asana, erected and
to top of painting decorated the Church
the Holy Forty martyrs, through
which in the twelfth year of my
reign, when he painted this
the temple, I went to the war in Romagna and
defeated the Greek army. The same
king, Cyrus Theodore Comnenus, captured with
all balarami and took Greek
land from Audrina to Drach, and land
Arbanassi and Serbian. Franks possessed
only the towns around Constantinople and
this city, too, but they obeyed
the Lucifer my Kingdom, for there was no
other king besides me, and thanks
to me they eked out their days




4.
Primary sources



  • Ivan Asen II



Links


http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%9C%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B7_%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%9A%CE%BB%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CF%84%CE%BD%CE%AF%CF%84%CF%83%CE%B1


Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Битва_при_Клокотнице