Examples of Students Essays

Belynichi icon of the Mother of God – Abstract


Introduction


Belynichi icon
Mother Of God


The miraculous icon,
it has long been revered Catholic
Orthodox and Uniate population
the Eastern part of Belarus.



1.
Versions of the origin of the icon


There are two different
traditions — Orthodox and Catholic,
tells the history of the icon. Orthodox
the legend has two versions. One of the versions
says that after the defeat of Kiev
Tatar troops of Batu a few
monks, taking with him an ancient icon
Byzantine letters, he departed, fleeing,
in the forest. The long journey they have completed
on the hill near the river Drut —
right tributary of the Dnieper, where he founded
Church of St. Elijah the Prophet, and men’s
monastery. Is the first night for the selected
place from icons started to come unusual
light. The miracle was repeated in the subsequent
the night became outgoing light from white.
In memory of this miracle the place where was
the monastery was founded, supposedly got
the name of Belynichi (Belynichi) Later the icon
was kidnapped monks Carmelites[1].


In another version of the icon
was stolen by the Catholics from the gate
the Orthodox of Orsha Kuteinikovo
the monastery and handed over to the Carmelite
monastery. Church and monastery Catholic
the monastic order of Carmelites wearing
was founded by Leo Sapieha, the great
Chancellor of Lithuania in 1622 Think
that Foundation was a token of gratitude
God for the victory in 1618 over the troops
the Moscow Tsar.


Both versions of the Catholic
legends say that the icon appeared in
Carmelite monastery of Bialynichy the
in a miraculous way. According to one version of the icon
was painted the Angel on the window
shutter. On the other — the icon was written
pilgrim-painter while singing
monks litany of the Mother of God. Painter
completed its work by the time the end of the
singing. Painter was an angel.


Most historians
tend to believe that the miraculous icon
in Byalynichy was written in 1634-1635.
an unknown artist.



2.
Icons view


The icon is
Virgin Mary with Christ on her left arm. In
lowered right hand of the mother of God
scepter — a symbol of Royal power. In
the left hand of Christ’s power (the same symbol),
right raised in blessing
gesture. Perhaps the scepter and Orb
appeared on the icon after its renovations
before the coronation in 1761 to Make such
guess allow information about
kept in the monastery silver
vote with text in Latin, asike —
“Pavel Ivanovich Sapieha, The Grand Chancellor.
In memory of miracles. icons pure Mary
Virgin Belynichi 8 Dec 1665”. On
vote before the virgin and child,
with missing symbols
the authorities were depicted kneeling
Paul Sapieha.


The icon refers to
one of the earliest iconographic
types: Hodegetria (Putevoditeli).
The icons of this type the mother of God —
the throne and the throne of the Almighty symbol
victorious fortress and strength of the Church.
At the same time, the Hodegetria — the guardian
and mentor of the human race on it
the way to God.



3.
History


During the war Speech
Commonwealth with Moscow
Carmelita in 1655 moved the icon to
a fortified place called Lyakhavichy,
which for a long time then was
in the siege of the troops of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
The siege of Liakhovich was taken after the victory
the Polish-Lithuanian troops under the Polonka
2 Jul 1660 Release Shown was
assigned commander of the fortress by Michael
Wreckin marvelous power Belynichi icon
Notre Dame, which was performed
thanksgiving hymn “Te Deum” (“You
Praise God”)[2].


Commission Of The Vilna
Bishop in 1755 was filed 9
images wonders of the Belynichi icon:
1) write her an angel; 2) the siege of Lyakhovichi
fortress; 3-9) images of healing in
1671, 1706, 1720, 1737, 1722.


The icon was in
Lyakhovichi before 1760 In 1760 the icon
solemnly transferred in Byalynichy in
the newly built Church. During
the discovery of the miraculous image
Lyakhovichi Bishop of Vilnius Michael
Zenkovich received in 1754 resolution
and a bull of Pope Benedict XIV on
the coronation of the icon. Golden crown with the arms
Oginski Sapieha and was made in
the money from these aristocratic birth.


The solemn coronation
icons took place on 20 September 1761 For
the celebration in front of the house
Oginski built a gazebo with a triumphant
gate, where was placed the icon.
The coronation on behalf of the Bishop
Zenkovich made Bishop of Smolensk
Jerzy Nicholas Gilzen. The sermon was delivered
famous Dominican preacher
Wawrzyniec Bloczynski.


After laying crowns
the icon was brought to the temple. Holiday
lasted a whole week. It took
part residents of Shklov, Mstislavl, Orsha,
Vitebsk.


Coronation extended
the glory of the miraculous icon of the Belynichi
Of The Virgin Mary. In the monastery during the holidays
Of The Ascension, The Descent Of St. Spirit
The scapular of the mother of God, St. Elijah and
Of the Nativity were numerous
groups of pilgrims from Golovkina, Kudina,
Zerconia, Esmon, Teterina, Belevich,
Prince.


After the first partition
Of the Commonwealth (1773) Byalynichy included
in the Russian Empire. The uprising of 1831
was the reason for the closure in 1832.
only in Mogilev province 23
Catholic monasteries, including
in Byalynichy. The Church was handed over to
diseasealso clergy. After
the Polish uprising of 1863-1864 a
the remaining existing churches were
closed and transferred to the Orthodox Church.
In 1876 he handed Belynichi
the Church with the miraculous icon of the Russian
Of the Orthodox Church. Think
the last parish priest priest
Lucian Godlewski hid the original and
left in the Church copy. The original is, —
says the priest Tadeusz Krahel (białystok), —
as suggested by some is
in the Will-Gutowski.


Deep-rooted
among the population of the Belarusian land
the cult of the miraculous icon of the Belynichi
reflected in many created
beautiful copies, prints which
carefully stored in Christian churches.
Before the icon of the blessed virgin Mary pray
about the healing of diseases, consoled in
sorrow.


Holiday icons ― 12
APR.



List
literature:



  1. [Basil
    (Zhudro), jer. Belynichi miraculous
    the icon of the virgin. Mogilev, 1905]


  2. [Wolyniak (Gizycki J. M.) Z
    przeszłosci karmelitów na Litwie v Rusi. Kraków, 1918. Cz. 2. S.
    79]



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Белыничская_икона_Божией_Матери

Examples of Students Essays

Belukha – Abstract


Belukha,
white
Keith,
mammal family of dolphins
the suborder of toothed whales. Sometimes referred
to the family edinorosov.



Object
a limited fishery (used
the skin and fat). The last three decades
in Russia, the commercial hunt of Beluga whales
not conducted; annually produces several
tens of animals for the needs of the peoples of the North
and Far
East, research and
dolphinariums.



Belukha satisfactorily
transfers captivity, easy to train.
Was first introduced in the circus
Barnum
in 1861
year. Some of the specialty successfully
mastered by dolphins and Beluga whales
(deliver equipment to divers, search
lost items underwater
movie), can make them
invaluable helpers human
the study of the Arctic.



Leather with a compacted layer of the epidermis
(15 mm thickness) protects belugas from
injuries while swimming among the ice.
Hypothermia saves them a layer
subcutaneous fat up to 10-12 cm thick.



In addition
the cries of the whales emit clicks in the ultrasonic
range.
Their production involved
the system of air sacs in the soft tissues
the head and focuses the radiation special
fat pad on his forehead — acoustic
lens.
Reflected from surrounding objects,
clicks back to the white whale; “antenna”
is the lower jaw, which transmits
the vibrations to the middle ear cavity. Analysis
echo allows the animal to obtain an accurate
representation of the surrounding space.



Though
the massiveness, the whale is different
agility; it is able to float on back
and even backwards. Usually floats with
a speed of 3-9 km/h; frightened, maybe
to make leaps of up to 22 km/h With an average
speed Beluga whale emerges every
1-1,5 minutes, but is able to remain under
water up to 15 minutes. Belukha is adapted
to virtuosic maneuvers in shallow water.
If it is still “stranded” in
low tide or, with the jamb,
maybe waiting for the tide to return
in the sea.



Basis
power Beluga whale is a fish, the main
way, schooling (capelin,
cod,
polar cod,
herring,
cod,
flounder,
whitefish
and salmon
species); to a lesser extent, crustaceans
and cephalopods
shellfish.
Prey, especially benthic organisms,
belugas don’t grab and suck. Adult
individual consumes in a day, about 15 kg of food.
In the pursuit of fish (salmon for spawning)
the whale often comes in large rivers
(Ob,
The Yenisei,
Lena
Cupid),
sometimes rising up with the current
hundreds of kilometers.



Beluga
make regular seasonal migrations.
In the spring they begin to move to
shore to shallow bays, fiords
and the mouths of the Northern rivers. Letovanje have
the shores due to the abundance of food here
and higher water temperature. In addition
also, the coastal areas are convenient
“moult”, to remove dead skin
the surface layer of skin, the belugas RUB against
about pebbles
in the shallow water. Beluga whale tied to one
and the same places of letownia visiting them
from year to year. Tracking individual
individuals have shown that belugas remember
the place of his birth and path
after wintering.



In
winter time is usually kept
edge of the ice field but sometimes far
penetrate into the zone of glaciation, where the winds
and current support cracks, leads
and polynyas.
When icing large areas
making a mass migration to the South.
The hole in the ice that the belugas rise
to breathe, can be removed for a few
kilometers from each other. Beluga
support them, not giving to freeze;
they are able to penetrate the back of the ice
thickness of several centimeters.



The
never the less, the winter sometimes ends
for belugas tragically, when polynyas
lasts too thick ice or
a herd of white whales falls into the ice trap.
In winter, belugas hunts white
bear
which lies in wait for prey at sagebrush
and suppresses its blows paws. Another enemy
Beluga whales is the killer whale.



Travel
Beluga herds consisting of groups
of the two types. One is a group of 1-3
adult females (probably sisters)
and their offspring of different ages. Another
type — group of 8-16 adult males.
In pursuit of shoals of fish, Beluga whales sometimes
gather in herds of hundreds and even thousands
goals.

Beluga whales are social creatures.
For the diversity of their sound
the Americans called the white whale “sea
the Canary”
but the Russian had the idiom
“roar
Beluga”.
Researchers counted about 50
sound signals (whistle, screeching, chirping,
scream, screech, squawk,
roar). In addition, belugas use
when communicating “body language” (slaps on the water
tail fins), and even facial expressions



Common
circumpolar between 50° and 80° C. sh. a., inhabiting
the Arctic and Bering
and Okhotsk
the sea;
in winter sometimes comes to the Baltic
sea.
Isolated population exists in
estuaries
river
SV. Lawrence.





Examples of Students Essays

Belarus – Summary

BELARUS
(Belarus), is a country in East
Europe. The area of 207.6 thousand km2. The population
10.32 million people (2003). Capital — Minsk.
Other large cities: Gomel, Mogilev,
Vitebsk, Grodno.


Included in
The Commonwealth of independent States
(CIS). From 1996 signed “the Agreement on education
Community” about the beginning of the integration
process with Russia. Permanent
the Union body (the Executive Committee) is
Minsk.


State
Stroy Belarus.


Republic.
The head of state and Executive
power — the President. Legislative
power is a bicameral Parliament.


Administrative-territorial
division of Belarus.


6 areas, 117
areas. 102 city, 109 urban settlements
type.


The population
Belarus.


About 80%
population — Belarusians, 13.2 percent Russian, 4.1 percent —
poles, 2.9% of Ukrainians. The urban population
71,1%. Official languages — Belarusian and
Russian. 70% of believers are Orthodox
Christians, 20% Catholics, the rest
— Uniates and Jews.


Geographic
the situation in Belarus. Climatic
the conditions of Belarus.


A large part
the territory is flat, with numerous
traces of glacial activity. On
North-West — a system of moraine ridges
(Sunzensky, Braslav and Osveysky),
part of the Baltic moraine
ridge. Between the moraine ridges —
wetlands (Neman, Polotsk
etc.). From the West. to the East stretches
Belarusian ridge (height up to 345 m —
the highest point of Belarus). In the South
the lowlands of the Belarusian Polesye.


The climate is temperate
continental. Main rivers: the Dnieper
(with tributaries Berezina, Pripyat, Sozh),
Western Dvina, the Neman (tributary of the Neris),
Western Bug. More than 10 thousand lakes (Naroch,
Osveysky, Lukoml, Drisvyaty, etc.).
More than 1/3 of the territory. occupy marshes, the main
way common in Polesie.
Reservoir (Vileika, Zaslavskoe
etc.). Mixed forests occupy approx. 1/3
the territory of the Republic. Almost 2/3
the forested area consists of coniferous
species (pine, spruce); in the South rasprostranena
oak, hornbeam, maple, ash. On-site
Belarus — Belovezhskaya Pushcha,
Berezinsky and Pripyatsky nature reserves.


OK. 1/4 of the area
Belarus — in the zone of radioactive
contamination in the accident at
The Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986.


Economy
Belarus.


Industrial and agricultural
country, one of the most developed among
republics of the former USSR. GDP per capita of us.
$ 6,100 (2003). Retains a strong
complex manufacturing industries
industry: auto and tractor
(Minsk, Zhodino, and Mogilev), instrumentation,
electronics manufacture
equipment (including refrigerators “Atlant”)
(Minsk, Vitebsk, Gomel, Mozyr, Brest,
Lida, etc.), machine building (Minsk,
Vitebsk, Gomel, Pinsk, Orsha, Molodechno).
Developed light including knitted,
linen, leather and footwear, food
(meat, dairy, butter and cheese,
canning, etc.). forestry and woodworking
industry.


In a diversified
agriculture uses 30.5% of
the territory of the country, meadows and pastures
is 14.1 percent. Grow potatoes
(the first place among CIS countries
production per capita, 1056 kg
1996), cereals (rye, barley,
wheat, oats, buckwheat; 2nd place in the CIS
after Kazakhstan’s wheat production
per capita, 562 kg in 1996), flax,
sugar beet etc. well Developed milk and meat
cattle, pigs, poultry.


Cash
unit of the Belarusian rouble (rubel).


Historical
outline of Belarus.


On-site
Belarus Slavic settlements appeared
in 6-8 centuries was the largest tribes
Drevlyans, Krivichi, Radimichi and Dregovichi.
Between the 8th and 9th century was founded the city
Polotsk, Turov, Minsk and Slutsk. 10.
12 centuries of the Principality of Polotsk, Turov-Pinsk
etc. was submitted to the Grand Duke
Kiev. After the Mongol
the invasion of their territory gradually
went to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,
from 1569 — to the Commonwealth. Large
part of the population kept Orthodox
faith, the piece took the Uniate Church
(Greek Catholicism). After joining
Poland increased the Jewish population.
With con. 18th century after the partitions of Poland
the Belarusian lands in the Russian
Empire, then (from 1922) in the USSR. Western
Belarus according to Riga Treaty of 1921
went to Poland. In November 1939 the Western
Belarus was reunited with the Byelorussian
SSR.


In 1941 Belarus
occupied by German troops. Here
with the support of the centre there was a strong
the guerrilla movement, but the Republic
lost more than 2.2 million people, a significant
many of whom are Jews. In July 1944
liberated by Soviet troops. In July
1991 the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR adopted the Declaration
on the state independence. In 1994
established the post of President. First
became President Alexander Lukashenko. In November
1996 by the majority of votes adopted
the presidential draft of the Constitution
of the country. In October 2004 a referendum,
where the majority of the population
supported the project of the abolition of restrictions
to run for the presidency
more than two terms. Results
a referendum has caused sharp rejection
opposition.


National
holiday — July 3 (Day of the Republic;
is the day of liberation of Belarus
from the Nazis).

Examples of Students Essays

White-handed Gibbon – Abstract


Introduction


White-handed Gibbon, or
lar[1] (lat. Hylobates lar) — view
primates from the family of hylobates.
Is one of the most famous
species of the family and is often found in
zoos.



1.
Appearance


Color hair white-handed
Gibbon varies from black and
dark brown to light brown
and sandy. His arms and legs painted in
white color, as well as the hair that frames
his black face. Both males and females can
meet in different color options.
Thick fur protects against the cold
in the rainy season. Both sexes are almost
differ from each other in magnitude.
Like all Gibbons, they have a very long
and strong hands, light and slim body,
tail no. Since the majority of
gibony life is spent on trees, their
hands with long and narrow five-fingered
hands much longer legs. They
allow the Gibbon is easy to jump over
from branch to branch. The front of the head
hairless; black skin banded
hair. On the face located boscoesarmy
eyes with brown radwine. This
the location of the eye provides a good
binocular vision and the primacy of the well
focused in the dense crowns of trees.



2.
Distribution


The natural habitat
white-handed Gibbon extends from
southwest China and Eastern Myanmar
to the Malay Peninsula. He also
found in the North-West of the island
Sumatra and on Java island. They vstrechaetsa
in vainiklapis forests, but also
they can be found in dry forest
masiah, in the mountains rises to wysota
up to 2000 m above sea level.



3.
Behavior


White-handed Gibbons
active in the daytime. With the help of their
strong and long hands they move
on the branches method of brachiaria, that is
rocking on hands with one bitch on
other. On the ground they are pretty
rare. White-handed Gibbons are monogamous
the style of life and pairs stay with each other
all of his life. Family groups live
in well-defined territories,
which they warn others
Gibbons by singing. Their diet consists
mainly of fruits and is complemented with
leaves, buds and insects.


In the matter of reproduction
white-handed Gibbons are not much different
from other species of the family. After continuing
seven months pregnant on light
is born one calf. On
two years after his birth he
feeds on mother’s milk and remains in
family until puberty
maturity at the age of eight.
The average life expectancy
white-handed Gibbon is about
25.


Zoologist Carpenter
observed the daily routine at the white-handed
Gibbon[2]:



  • 5:30-6:30 —
    the time at which Gibbon wakes up;


  • 6:00-8:00 —
    at this time, the Gibbon screaming alerts
    the surroundings of her domain, then
    deals with personal care and morning
    charging; this is followed by jumping from branch
    to branch;


  • 8:00-9:00 —
    headed to the “dining room” tree
    which is eating the fruit;


  • 9:00-11:00 —
    meals;


  • 11:00-11:30 —
    the path to the place of afternoon rest;


  • 11:30-15:00 —
    afternoon at leisure with virtually no
    moves, then cleaning of the hair;


  • 15:00-17:00 —
    eating in a place different from the first;


  • 17:00-19:00 —
    the path to the place of sleep;


  • 18:00
    and before sunset — cooking
    to sleep;


  • 18:30-5:30 — sleep.




4.
Threats


White-handed Gibbons
refer to the species under
the threat of extinction. In some
countries they are hunted for their meat,
in other kill parents to make
of young domestic animals. However
the greatest danger comes from
reducing their living space.
High speed cutting of moving
forests of South East Asia to get
a place for plantations, fields and settlements.
Despite the fact that governments
countries in this region were created
nature reserves and national parks, they
often poorly protected and poaching
they continues.



5.
Subspecies


From the white-handed Gibbon
there are five subspecies:



  • Hylobates
    lar lar


  • Hylobates
    lar carpenteri


  • Hylobates
    lar entelloides


  • Hylobates
    lar vestitus


  • Hylobates lar yunnanensis




6.
Gallery






List
literature:



  1. Sokolov
    V. E.
    Patheticly dictionary names
    animals. Mammals. Latin,
    Russian, English, German, French.
    / under the General editorship Acad. V. E. Sokolov.
    — M.: Rus. lang., 1984. — S. 93. Is 10 000 copies.


  2. Akimushkin I. I. The World
    animals: Mammals, or animals
    . —
    4-e Izd., Rev. and extra — M.: Thought, 1998. —
    445[1]p.: Il. — C. 420.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Белорукий_гиббон

Examples of Students Essays

Belogradskaya, Gregory G. – Abstract

Grigory
Belogradskaya
(1772-1851) — General
of infantry, a member of the Governor-auditoriat.


Was born in 1772 in
Poltava, came from the nobility of Poltava
province. January 5, 1790, on the seventeenth
year of life, the Belogradchik stronghold is finished
the course of science in Shklov
the cadet corps and entered the military
his service as a second Lieutenant in Ekaterinoslav
cuirassier regiment, which took place
her to the rank of Colonel. Participated in
the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1792 years and
the Polish campaign of 1794.


In 1801 on the petition
dismissed from the service. From 1805 to 1810 he served
in the Commissariat Department in Dubna
and Finland. 15 Sep 1811 returned
for military service, was appointed in
the life guards Preobrazhensky regiment and
including in it, was appointed Director
hospitals in the army, 26
October 1811, promoted to Colonel.
During the Patriotic war of 1812 and
Foreign campaigns of 1813 and 1814
Belogradskaya was in charge of the hospital
services of all existing armies.


5 APR 1814
promoted to major General, November 3,
1828 he was appointed Chairman of the field
auditoriat of the 1st army, 14 April 1829
he received the rank of Lieutenant-General, June 3
In 1835 he occupied the position of member
General-auditoriat Military Ministry
17 March 1845 promoted to General
of infantry.


The highest order
from 10 Feb 1849 Belogradskaya
dismissed from service, then, pursuant
The highest commandment, is contained in
the decree of the Holy Synod dated February 17,
the same year, placed in Konevetsky
the monastery “to repent.” There Belogradskaya
died February 9, 1851 and was buried. Reasons
caused the termination of the career
Belogradskaya and imprisonment in a monastery,
remain outstanding, in the literature
only mentions a certain “reprehensible
actions.”


Belogradskaya was
knight of the order of St .. George 4-th degree,
granted to him on 26 November 1823 in
blameless 25 years seniority in the officer
rank (no. 3696 at the cavalier list
Grigorovich—Stepanova). Among other
awards had Russian order of the White
Eagle, St. Anna 1-th degree with the Imperial
crown, St. Vladimir 2 nd degree, and
also some foreign: “Pour le
Mérite” (Prussia) and the Legion of honor
(France).


The Belogradchik stronghold is known
as one of the major military charities.
Closely watching in hospital scene
the suffering and death of officers and seeing how
heroes-fathers in agony
called in absentia blessed away
abandoned children, he, although he never
having children, grieved with all my heart. For
orphans, children, staff and Ober-officers,
at last will Belogradskaya,
he left St. Petersburg on
the spiritual Testament of house should be
a refuge. Much time has passed,
however, while the will of the testator after
considerable trouble, owing to a judicial
red tape have been implemented. Only
the end of 1890-ies began to function
conceived Belogradskaya shelter.


17 Nov 1893
The St. Petersburg city Duma
approved instructions
which in the Orphan house for the name
Belogradskaya children of officers,
orphans, boys and girls
older than 10 years. Here they get
initial education. Then
the government seeks admission of children to
housing, school, institutions and other
educational institutions at public expense.
Children who completed the preparatory
education and received incoming
in the middle schools, continue
to live prior to its release in the Orphanage.


At the end of 1894
bequeathed Belogradskaya amounts were
given the prominence (150 thousand rubles),
a house on Bell street was adapted
for a shelter. However, orphans
officer rank for a long time have not received
in the shelter, despite the publication, the ad
in circero the Chief of staff and notification
about the Committee for the wounded, red and
White cross, and a shelter was a
time empty. The city Council assumed
have to apply for a change of desire
of the testator in favor of the children of “officials”.
By April, 1897, showed only 4
children who fit the conditions for admission to
shelter, but a small number of candidates
it has been difficult for the Commission to open a shelter.
New applications have been received, and
Saint Petersburg city Duma
decided to apply for permission
urban governance arranged on
means Belogradskaya orphanage,
in the absence of candidates of the round
orphans, take of the aged, children, staff
and chief officers, meets other
the reception conditions. The question remained
open until October 1899, when
the shelter with a staff of 30 people all places
was busy orphans. This
by the way, it took almost 50 years to
the will of the donor was carried out.


Sources



  • Military
    encyclopedia / edited by V. F. Novitsky
    and others — SPb.: t-vo I. V. Sytin, 1911-1915. —
    Vol. 4.


  • Wolves
    S. V.
    Generals Of The Russian
    Empire. Encyclopedic dictionary
    generals and admirals from Peter I to the
    Nicholas II. Volume I. A—K. M., 2009


  • Dictionary
    Russian generals, participants of combat
    action against Napoleon’s army
    Bonaparte in 1812-1815 // Russian
    archive
    : Sat. — M.: studiya “trite” N.
    Mikhalkov, 1996. — T. VII. — P. 312-314.


  • Stepanov V. S.,
    G. P. I.
    In memory of the centenary
    anniversary of the Imperial Military order
    The Holy great Martyr and conqueror
    George. (1769-1869). SPb., 1869



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Белоградский,Gregorygregory

Examples of Students Essays

Belov, Yuri Andreevich – Abstract

Plan

Introduction

1 Biography

2nd Prize

3
Memory


4 Filmography



Introduction


Yuri Andreevich
Belov (July 31, 1930, the Rzhev — 31 Dec
1991, Moscow) — Soviet film actor.



1.
Biography


Yuri Andreevich Belov
born July 31, 1930 in the town of Rzhev
The Western region of the RSFSR.


He graduated from the VGIK (workshop of
B. Bibikova and O. Pyzhova) in 1955. Already
in a year became famous because of the role
Grisha in the film “carnival night”.


Then, for seven
years, one after another on a wide screen
released movies with the actor who
secured its success among viewers and
did Yuri Belov one of the most
popular actors of the Soviet cinema.
Here are the most popular: “the Girl without
address”, “Resistant”, “Queen
gas station”. In the last two films
he played in a pair with Nadezhda Rumyantseva —
held a brilliant actor
Duo.


Later he was an actor
Theatre-Studio of film actor.


Heroes Of Yuri Belov
have a unique love of life
and charm, making them so
the audience loved. In real life
the actor has a reputation
“a strange man”,”not of the world
this.”


In 1964, during
one of the feasts Belov said
coming off soon then Soviet
leader Khrushchev. Someone reported, and actor
spent some time in a psychiatric
hospital. Khrushchev at that year really
removed, Beebe was let go, however, this
time his career went downhill.
The actor began to shun was given the role
only in the episodes. In the movie “the Parking lot
trains – two minutes” (1972) is significantly
aged Belov last played
the major role. After this came the
the almost complete oblivion. The actor was
forced to make a life private
carting. Sitting in his “Moskvich”,
bought in the years of its former popularity,
passengers could hardly recognize in the elderly
the main driver of chinoiserie
50-60. suffering from its lack of demand,
Belov began to abuse alcohol,
his health with each year getting worse.
In his last film, “Two and one”
(1988) Yuri Andreevich came once
tiny roles are already seriously ill.


Died Yu. A. Belov
in the morning of December 31, 1991, and not
waiting for the Christmas film screening
“Carnival night”, which he loved
watch and remember their youth.
Buried Yuriy Andreevich at Kuntsevo
cemetery in Moscow.


Was married to actress
Svetlana Shvaiko.



2.
Award


Laureate Of All-Union
film festival in the nomination “Prize for
actors” for 1960.



3.
Memory



  • Yu. A. Belov
    dedicated to one of the series program L.
    Filatov “To remember”.


  • In 2008, the Ukrainian
    TV channel “STB” was shown on the program
    “My true. Yuri Belov” (Ukr. “My
    true. Yuri Belov”).




4.
Filmography



  1. 1955 —
    Mother and son


  2. 1955 —
    Libertines


  3. 1956 —
    Spring on Zarechnaya street — Ishchenko


  4. 1956 —
    Carnival night — Grisha Koltsov


  5. 1957 —
    The girl without the address — Mitya Savelyev


  6. 1957 —
    Burn, my star


  7. 1959 —
    Thirst — sailor Bob Rogozin,
    Gramophone


  8. 1959 —
    May the stars


  9. 1959 —
    Intractable — Roofing Grackin


  10. 1960 —
    Aleshkina love — Arkady


  11. 1960 —
    Leon Garros looking for a friend


  12. 1961 —
    Lyuba


  13. 1961 —
    Our mutual friend


  14. 1961 —
    Nowhere man — the policeman
    Gavrilov


  15. 1962 —
    Gusarskaya Ballada — partisan


  16. 1962 —
    Queen of the gas station — Glory
    the driver intercity bus


  17. 1962 —
    Knight’s move – the investigator


  18. 1963 —
    You’re not alone — Nikolay Shlykov


  19. 1963 —
    Come back tomorrow — Volodya


  20. 1964 —
    Ko mne, Mukhtar! — Larionov


  21. 1965 —
    Sleeping lion


  22. 1968 —
    Puberty – Mikhail Ivanovich


  23. 1970 —
    In Moscow on the way… — the taxi driver


  24. 1970 —
    At the far point


  25. 1970 —
    The fate of the resident — Conductor
    trains


  26. 1971 —
    The old robber — Peter, duty


  27. 1971 —
    Summer ordinary grandfather


  28. 1972 —
    The train stops for two minutes
    the wizard Basil


  29. 1973 —
    Weekdays criminal investigation — partner
    Muratova


  30. 1973 —
    100% Nylon — Khabibulin


  31. 1974 —
    Shoo and Deportes — caretaker Yuri
    A.


  32. 1976 —
    100 grams for courage — the taxi driver


  33. 1977 —
    About little Red riding Hood — grandfather


  34. 1978 —
    Diplomats captive


  35. 1978 —
    A singing woman— a passenger in
    the plane


  36. 1988 — Two and one



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Белов,Yuriandrea

Examples of Students Essays

Belov, Grigori Iakinfovich – Abstract


Introduction


Gregory Iakinfovich
Belov (6 (18) December 1895, Vakhonina,
Novgorod province — September 13
1965, Yaroslavl) — Soviet film
and theater actor, people’s artist of the USSR
(1956)[1], winner of the Stalin prize.



1.
Biography


Grigory Belov was born
6 (18) Dec 1895[2] in the village
Vahenemine Cherepovets district
In Novgorod province (now Kaduyskogo
district, Vologda region) in the family
rural teachers[1][3].


Studied in a rural
school, then in a real school in
Cherepovets. In 1915 he went to Petrograd,
where did the economic Department
Polytechnic Institute and
at the same time in the drama Studio
under the leadership of Yuri Yuryev at
The Alexandrinsky theatre.


In 1916, Grigory
Iakinfovich was mobilized and sent
in an artillery unit in the South-West
front[3].


The first came on the scene
in the Provincial demonstration theatre
the city of Cherepovets, where he worked until 1922
year. He worked in theaters in Vladikavkaz
Tver, Ekaterinoslavl, Kazan,
Makhachkala[2]. From 1933 to 1940
worked in the Arkhangelsk drama theatre,
since 1945 in Yaroslavl drama theatre
them. Volkov[1]. During the war
Gregory Iakinfovich worked in the State
the theater of the Lithuanian SSR, participated
in frontline teams, and was
awarded the medal “For valiant labor
in the great Patriotic war”[3].


Debut Grigory Belov
in film was in 1948 in the film
“Michurin”. Directed By Alexander Dovzhenko
trusted Gregory Iakinfovich main
role and not a mistake. In 1949 for this film
some members of the crew were
awarded the Stalin prize of the second
degree.


Art Gregory
Iakinfovich distinguished craftsmanship
transformation, depth of thought, simplicity,
conciseness and accuracy
psychological characteristics of their
characters[2].


In those cities in which
Grigory Belov worked, he taught
acting technique and stage speech,
from 1945 to 1950, was teaching a class on culture
of speech and expressive reading
Yaroslavl pedagogical Institute
them. K. Ushinsky.[3].


Grigory Belov was
Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR 4-th
convocation[2].


Died Gregory Iakinfovich
13 Sep 1965, buried at
Leontyevsky a cemetery of Yaroslavl[4].



2.
Recognition and awards



  • 1936 —
    Honored artist of the RSFSR[3]


  • 1949 —
    People’s artist of the RSFSR[5]


  • 1949 —
    Stalin prize of the second degree
    for his starring role in the film “Michurin”[6]


  • 1956 — national
    artist of the USSR




3.
Creativity


3.1.
Theater roles



  • “The inspector General”
    N. V. Gogol Khlestakov


  • “Uncle
    Vanya” A. P. Chekhov — Astrov


  • “Idiot”
    based on the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky —
    Prince Myshkin


  • 1935 —
    “Love Yarovaya” Of K. A. Trenev —
    Swanda


  • 1936 —
    “Philistines” By M. Gorky — Neal


  • 1936 —
    The “Last” M. Gorky — Peter


  • 1937 —
    “Summer Residents” Bitter — Vlas


  • 1939 —
    “Barbarians” By M. Gorky — Peter



  • the bottom” by M. Gorky — Vaska Ashes,
    Satine, The Baron


  • “Armored
    14-69” Vs. Ivanova — Vershinin


  • “Chapaev”
    DM. Furmanova — Chapaev


  • 1950 —
    “Happiness” P. Pavlenko — Voropaev


  • 1954 —
    “The living corpse” by L. N. Tolstoy —
    a forensic investigator


  • 1956 —
    “Somov and others” by M. Gorky — Soms


  • 1956 —
    “Eternal source” by D. Zorin, Plakun


  • 1956 —
    “Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich” A. K. Tolstoy —
    Boris Godunov


  • “Profitable
    “by A. N. Ostrovsky — The Jades



  • every wise man has enough simplicity”
    A. N. Ostrovsky — Krutitsy


  • “Romeo
    and Juliet” by Shakespeare — Romeo[6]


  • “Hamlet”
    Shakespeare — Hamlet


  • “Othello”
    Shakespeare — Othello


  • “Third
    pathetic” N. F. Pogodin —
    Gvozdini


  • “Irkutsk
    the story of” A. N. Arbuzov — Dad


  • “Children of the sun” M.
    Bitter — Protasov



3.2.
Filmography



  • 1948 —
    Michurin — Ivan Vladimirovich
    Michurin
    [7]


  • 1948 —
    Pages of life


  • 1951 —
    Country doctor — doctor Arsen’ev


  • 1951 —
    Unforgettable 1919


  • 1952 —
    Rimsky-Korsakov — Nikolai
    Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov


  • 1955 —
    The land and the people — Evsei


  • 1956 —
    Calling Ivan Vladislavovich
    Nikol’skiy, Professor


  • 1958 —
    On the other side — Dr.


  • 1958 —
    Vanya — Gabriel Medvedkov, uncle
    Ivan


  • 1964 — Moscow —
    Genoa — Georgy Vasilyevich Chicherin




List
literature:



  1. Large
    Soviet encyclopedia. GL. ed.
    A. M. Prokhorov, 3rd ed. Vol. 3. Bari —
    Bracelet. 1970. 640 p., Fig.; 33 L. Fig. and maps
    1 l. maps (insert)


  2. Theatre
    encyclopedia. GL. ed. SS mokulsky.
    T. 1 — M.: Soviet encyclopedia, A —
    Globus, 1961, 1214 STB. with ill., 12 L. Fig.


  3. Belov
    Gregory Iakinfovich on the website
    vologda-oblast.ru


  4. Gregory
    Belov on the website of the Necropolis


  5. The VOLOGODIANS<Official
    the website of the Government of the Vologda region


  6. Russian
    dramatic theatre: an encyclopedia /
    Under the General editorship of M. I. Andreev,
    N. Zvenigorodsky E., A. V. Martynova
    and others — M.: Great Russian
    encyclopedia, 2001. — 568 p.: Il. ISBN
    5-85270-167-X


  7. The Role Of Grigory Belov
    in the movie on the website kino-teatr.ru



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Белов,Grigoriyants

Examples of Students Essays

Beklemishev, V. Pahomova – Abstract

Vasily Pahomova
Beklemishev
— the commandant of Saratov
in the years 1722-1727 and, after a break, from 1737 to
1 Dec 1744.


In 1718 was built
the line of fortifications, which restricted raids
Tatars. So is this ruin which
happened in 1717, could not be.
In the Volga region began arriving new people.
At that time komendantova
Beklemishev.[1]


In 1722, Saratov
to meet the Kalmyk Khan Aukai for
an Alliance against the Turks[2]
arrives the Emperor Peter I on the way to
The Caspian sea. Beklemishev arranged
gala reception: the Royal family
approached the city in the night in Struga, and
Beklemishev ordered along the banks of the Volga
(Sokolova Gora and Green island)
burning tar barrels and straw.[3].
For the reception of the Emperor a hundred yards from
The Volga was built a special wooden
house, around which are gathered the next morning
almost all the inhabitants of the city.[3] Peter
I talked with many of them, visited
Trinity Cathedral. According to legend, seeing
workers from the construction ubelivable
the bell tower of the Cathedral and sleeping in the shade, Peter
I personally beat them with his
cane. After a while arrived
Ayuka with my wife, children and retinue, negotiations
were successful.[3] For the warm welcome Peter
I granted Beklemishevo “for fun and
hunting” husel’s’ke island, which
popularly called by Beklemishevi.[1]


In 1727 Ivan Kirilov
completed his work “a Flourishing state
All-Russian state”, according to the description
from which you can judge the state
Saratov when Beklemisheva. He had
earthen shaft.[3] the city was
the magistrate, where he worked two
the ratman.[3] were stationery with
special Ministers, as well as the fortress
office, where he was involved in one
the overseer and one scribe.[3]In
the city’s population fiskal Ivan Durasov.[3]
There were five churches and two monasteries.[3]
The population was large enough
the time and was about 3000
residents, most of whom, 1596
man, belonged to merchant
class.[3] the inhabitants of the city traded
on the Left Bank of the Volga Kalmyks.[3]


The Board Beklemishev
happened an unhappy incident: 8
Jul 1738 began in three hours the night
the fire destroyed almost the entire city.[3]


In 1741 the city
a short time was Basil
Tatishchev, who led in the years 1739-1741
Kalmyk Commission,
of which was to improve relations
with the Kalmyks.[3] 15 Dec 1741
Tatishchev was appointed Astrakhan
Governor (Saratov at that time was
part of the Astrakhan province).[3]


In the years 1742-1743 special
Commission on search for the fugitive was caught
near Saratov five thousand
fugitive soldiers, Dragoons, sailors, and
recruits.[3]


Beklemishev was born
from Nizhny Novgorod noble family. Have
he was the brother of Nicephorus, Saratov
Governor in the years 1707-1713, as well as sister
Avdotya. He had “at that time
rare and huge” house near Spiritual
Seminary.[1] he was Buried on
the churchyard of Holy cross women’s
monastery in hollowed-out oak coffin,
covered Burgundy silk cloth.[1]
His clothes — “silk camisole
brown, collar tie
from the same matter, on Board a wide
brocade lace with black lapels and
brocade buttons of the tonsils.
On chest dark amber color cross
with the image of the crucifixion on the red
the silk ribbon. On the feet boots,
there is a high cavalry boots” —
well preserved.[1] according to
all, it was a very
successful.[1]Monastic
the churchyard with the grave was destroyed
the early 1930-ies.[1]


Beklemishev was the first
Saratov commandant, who
precisely known years of his life.[1]



List
literature:



  1. Beklemishev
    Vasily Pahomova (Rus.).


  2. M.
    V. Bulychev, A. V. Voronezh, E. K. Maksimov,
    V. P. Tothfalusi.
    Further development
    feudal Russia. Saratov region, in
    the first half of the XVIII century // History
    Saratov region since ancient times
    till 1917. — 2nd ed. Rev., additional.. —
    Saratov: publishing house of the Volga
    “Children’s book”, 2000. P. 55. — 416 p
    — ISBN 5-8270-0184-8


  3. Z. E. Gusakova, G.
    A. Jakovic, B. L. Petrov.
    From the walled city
    to provincial city // Your four
    century, city. — Saratov: Volga
    book publishing house, 1990. — P. 18-20.
    — 296 p. — ISBN 5-7633-0253-2



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Беклемишев,Vasiliou

Examples of Students Essays

Beketov Nikita Afanasyevich – Abstract

Nikita Afanasyevich
Beketov
(1729-1794) — General-Lieutenant,
the Governor of the Astrakhan province.


Born September 8,
1729, the son of the Simbirsk magistrates
Colonel Athanasius A.
Beketov.


In 1842, Beketov was
given in the Land cadet corps.
Here, during one of the cadet
performances, Empress Elizabeth
Petrovna drew attention to the beautiful
the young man bestowed it to sergeants and not
forgot it afterwards. Soon after
the Beketov was promoted to second Lieutenant
(7 Oct 1750), and in 1751 was released
from the corps to the army of major-Prime, with
the appointment of the adjutant-General to the count
Razumovsky. Razumovsky brought
for him and obtained him the rank
Colonel, and the Empress granted
his rich estates.


But the rapid rise
Beketov filed in the court areas
suspicion and hostility;
it was decided to remove from the yard. Someone
offered him some cosmetic
remedy for white skin, mutilated
Beketov face, and one state lady
enjoyed the trust and love
Empress Elizabeth, advised
her to remove Beketov as a person
bad behavior that was done
under the pretext of; Beketov
went into the army and soon after his
the visit took part in the Seven-year
war.


19 Aug 1757,
the battle of gross-Egersdorf he took
the baptism of fire and soon after
he was appointed commander of the 4th Grenadier
regiment. 11 Jan 1758 Beketov headed
his regiment participated in the occupation
Konigsberg, from 4 to 13 August, in part
the troops of the main army, was at the siege
fortress Kustrin, and August 14 participated
in the battle of zorndorf, when the 4th
Grenadier regiment, located in
The 2nd line on the right flank of the army of Fermor,
was destroyed almost the entire flank
the attacks of the Prussian cavalry under the command of
Sedlica. 10 officers were killed, 18 wounded,
and the commander of the regiment, Beketov was captured
prisoner, which was released later
two years.


On his return from
captivity he was promoted to Brigadier, and
in 1762 — in General-majors. In 1763
year Beketov was appointed Astrakhan
Governor, and from this time begins
it’s peaceful and very fruitful
activity. Driving Astrakhan
the province, he founded in it a few
of the German colonies. To protect the people
from Kirghiz raids he built
Enotaevsky fortress. The main concern
it was aimed at the development
agriculture, which was doing very little in
the end. For this, he moved there
their peasants from the interior
provinces and built in the steppes of the village.
Then, he drew special attention
breeding the best varieties of grape
vines and the manufacture of good wines, for which
discharged from overseas skilled
the winemakers. However, he took care of
the breeding of silk production, and strengthened
trade relations with Persia, raised and
improved fisheries and established
new rules for charging them tax
so the income from these crafts
paid into the state Treasury
previously, only one in Astrakhan
province, began to arrive almost the whole
Empire, constituting thus one
of the prominent items in the budget. In 1788
Beketov was elected in Astrakhan
the provincial leader of nobility.


For his work Beketov
was awarded the order of St .. Anna 1-St degree,
the rank of Lieutenant and the rank of Senator
(21 April 1773).


In 1771 four hundred
thousand Kalmyks roamed in Astrakhan
province, with all its assets and
the stud went to China, in spite of all
efforts to prevent Beketov
this. A few times in advance
he notified the Board of foreign Affairs,
which were the Kalmyks,
so she took action against resettlement
the Kalmyks, but the reports were not
granted.


In 1780, Beketov went
resigned and settled in private
the estate to the delight of the Saratov province
(between Tsaritsyn and Sarepta), near
mineral waters, they also open.
For fourteen years he lived in peace,
in agriculture.


Died 9 Jul 1794
year. His body was buried, because
spiritual will, in another
estate, Turtle, near Astrakhan.


In his youth Beketov
studied poetry and wrote poetry,
mostly songs, some of
they were placed in the collection of songs
published in Moscow in 1780-1781. In addition
poems he wrote a tragedy in
verse “Nicanor” (according to other news
“Oedipus”); its content is taken from the Assyrian
history, but it has not been printed and
burned in the fire that destroyed his house
in the estate of Otrada.


Sources



  • Maslowski
    DF
    . The Russian army in the Seven years’
    war. Moscow, 1888


  • Russian
    biographical dictionary: The 25 t / under
    the supervision of A. A. Polovtsev. 1896-1918.


  • Beketov Nikita
    A. // Encyclopedic dictionary
    Brockhaus and Efron: In 86 volumes (82 tons, and 4
    EXT.). — SPb.: 1890-1907.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Бекетов,Nikitaeva

Examples of Students Essays

Unstressed vowels in the root words check accent – Abstract


Unstressed
the vowels in root words check
accent



(front
occupation, group FFNR)



Goal:
To show students the difference in the sound
the same vowel
sound in stressed and unstressed positions.
To train them in the selection
the test words.



Equipment:



The lesson:




  1. Argument.




On the Board
written:



E
And
And



SL DY
TO VER ST
ON



And
On
E



Speech therapist
asks:



– guys,
who knows how to write these
words? (Followed by children’s responses). And let’s
try to pick up the word verification
so our mysterious letters stood
under stress: a trail, a rug, a wall.



It is then
conclusion: in unstressed position vowels
sound fuzzy. So when writing this
words correctly to choose a vowel,
you need to find related words,
doubtful vowel which falls
the emphasis, i.e. clarifies it:



trace — traces
Mat — carpet, wall – wall, etc.



Conclusion: “If
vowel was in doubt



You soon
put under stress!”


In unstressed
positions generally similar to the vowel sound:
and
and Oh,
e
and and,
e
and I,
and
and I.




  1. Work
    Board




To select from
these following words only those that
are

test to selected
words in the beginning of the line:




  • garden —
    to put
    planting, gardens, garden, gardener;



  • wooded

    the Forester, the forest, woods, grove, loggers;



  • Fox
    Fox, foxes, Fox, Fox, Fox;



  • snow —
    bullfinch,
    snow, snowman, snow, snowdrop;



  • blue
    blue tit, blue, blue, blue.




Sample:
garden

landing,
garden.



Speech therapist
explains why not all related
words are a test.




  1. Work
    notebooks.




Rewrite
words correctly insert unstressed
a vowel in parentheses, write the test
word.



…DY, SN…JOC,
…NEL, M…RACK,…LAC, X…TRET…BROTA,
M…RMINE, T…TIRE.



  1. The physical activities and training.




Training
in the selection of the test words games
throwing the ball (the students indicate
stressed vowels).



one
a lot
yesterday
today



wall –
wall pay – pays



pine —
pine asked for requests



the storm danced



the country was



shoulder, core,
goat, water… say, knitting, drawing,
dragged…



lot
onetoday

yesterday



the case —
dealing lucky — lucky



series –
a number of blossoms – bloomed



mushrooms … herding
Paz



field
snow sweeps, weaves…




  1. Work
    notebooks
    .




Insert
the unstressed vowel in the root, choosing
test

word.



Sample:
battle
fighter.




M. RAK … –
H. tREC … –
D. brota



… —
C. Lac … —
b.leagues … —
M. Rina



… —
B. cleg … —
Tr.pie … —
C. column



…—
article Rick …
— t bus …— V. Rainier




  1. Game.




Large
the card is written:



C…YES, C…;
SK…LA;…SLEEP;…; P. .. LA; ST…;
…SLEEP; M…ONE HUNDRED;…BLAH;…FLNR;…VA.



Given the letters.
Children should pick up a test
words, figure out the correct letter and
put her on the spot admissions.



Task:



Check
you have all the words



To dispel
all doubts



To put
the sound for the accent!



(range, prices,
rocks, springs, goats, arrows, wall, pine,
place, land, table, owl)



Exchange
cards. Speech therapist reads words, children
check it out.



range, price,
Scala,spring, goat, arrow, wall,



pine, place,
land, carpenter, owl



we write
all true words.



VIII. The result:
Reflection


– Rate
your work with color:


Red
– well-learned material


Green
not bad, but can better


Blue
– still need to work.