Examples of Students Essays

Burke, Edmund – Abstract


Introduction


Edmund Burke (Engl. Edmund
Burke; 12 January 1729, Dublin — 9 July 1797,
Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire) is an English
the parliamentarian, politician,
publicist of the Enlightenment, the ideological
the founder of British conservatism.



1.
Biography


Burke was born in Dublin,
in 1729, he moved to London in 1750,
to study jurisprudence; left
the study of law to become a writer.
In 1758, he founded an annual almanac Annual
Register — overview of world events that
published for over 30 years. In 1765 Burke
became the personal Secretary to the Prime Minister
England of the Marquis of Rockingham (from the party
the Whigs), and soon a member of Parliament.


Burke advocated a more
tolerant attitude to the English colonies
in America and insisted on the abolition of
the government of the Act on stamp duty,
providing for the taxation
colonies and caused great dissatisfaction
from the colonists. He criticized English
the Board in Ireland, especially for
discrimination of Catholics. Burke was against
the attempts of George III to strengthen the Royal
power and argued the need
the formation of political parties, which
could defend their clear and solid
principles.


For many years
Burke advocated the reform of
control of colonial India, which
at that time, was under the control of
The East India company. In 1785 he achieved
suspension control company
the most talented and successful of all
the British governors of India, Warren
Hastings. Burke, Hastings and came
an ideological argument, not lost
relevance in our days: Burke insisted
on the strict implementation in India
British laws are based on
natural law, inherent in all people
without exception, Hastings parried
the fact that Western views on law
and the rule of law do not apply to
East.


Erupted in 1789
The French revolution put an end to
a long friendship with Burke the leader of the English
liberals, Charles Fox. Like many
other fighters for the freedom of the individual, Fox
welcomed the events in France,
as Burke considered them to be terrible
a demonstration of the power of the crowd. In the book
“Reflections on the French revolution”,
published in 1790, Burke showed
their conviction that freedom
can only be within the law and
order and that reforms need to be implemented
evolutionary, not revolutionary way.
In the end, Burke’s views prevailed and
convinced the majority of Whigs support
the decision of the conservative government
(Tory) William pitt the Younger to join
in the war with France.



2.
Political views


Political views
Burke’s most consistently affected
in his pamphlets against the great French
revolution. Burke first subjected to ideology
the French revolutionaries systematic
and ruthless criticism. The root of all evil he
seen in the neglect of the traditions and
values inherited from ancestors,
that revolution destroys mindlessly
spiritual resources of society and the accumulated
centuries of cultural and ideological
heritage. The radicalism of the French
revolutionaries he contrasted
the unwritten British Constitution and its
core values: care about the political
continuity and natural development
respect for tradition and practical
specific rights instead of abstract
the idea of law, theory constructions
and based on these innovations. Burke
believed that society should be
for granted the existence of a hierarchical
system among the people, because
the imperfections of any human
tricks artificial redistribution
of ownership may lead to
companies disaster.



3.
Works


3.1.
Philosophical study of the origin
our ideas of the sublime and beautiful


His youthful work
about the origin of our ideas of the sublime
and beautiful, published in 1756, but
written much earlier, maybe
at just 19 years of age, chained
the attention of Lessing and herder, and found
an important place in the history of aesthetic
theories. Already by its main
the idea she contributed to the overall fracture
taking place in the aesthetic sphere
England and Germany. It was a way from hard
the old standards of artistic taste to
more living and spiritual art.
Burke believed that to open aesthetic
laws should come not from themselves
works of art, and peace
motives of the person.



4.
Publications in the Russian language



  • Philosophical
    the study of the origin of our
    ideas of the sublime and beautiful [1757].
    Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1979 (History of aesthetics in
    the monuments and documents)


  • Reflections
    on the revolution in France. London: Overseas
    Publications Interchange Ltd, 1992 (also: Moscow: Rudomino,
    1993)


  • The key to success —
    not available, and the lack of talent…
    .
    The early essays // Questions of literature. 2008.
    No. 1.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Берк,Edmund