Examples of Students Essays

Berg, Arved – Abstract


Arved Berg (September 13
1875, Riga — approximately 1942)
— Latvian politician,
lawyer, publisher, entrepreneur first
independent Latvia.

The birth, formation

Born into a prominent family
social activist and entrepreneur
Karlis Bergs. Enrolled in Yur
the University’s law Department
which she successfully completed in 1896.
After that he entered the service in
Saint Petersburg according to the received specialty
— first worked in St. Petersburg
the district court, then practiced in
court of justice. Since 1901, Berg —
barrister in Riga, at the same time
went on the trail of entrepreneurship
it earned enough money for
to become owner of a number of
apartment buildings in terms of construction
boom in Riga in the early twentieth century. In
the same time put money in the credit
business, becoming CEO of several
credit institutions.

Initial political views

He was a member of the Riga
Latvian society in which 80s
years of the nineteenth century was
certain changes in the composition.
Membership in the society became the prerogative of
exceptionally wealthy Latvian
layers of the capital’s population, which
tried to consolidate the basic
spheres of influence in the region. In particular,
Berg became famous as a spokesman
right-wing ideas “extremist”
wing of the community, defending the interests
manufacturers and homeowners in opposition to
aspiration of Latvians from less financial
the secured segment of the population. Repeatedly
defended conformist position in
relations with the Baltic landlords and
the tsarist regime.


Berg was the Creator
and political leaders such
the press, which reflected
the social ideology of his wing
“Vēstnesis” (“Messenger”), “Baltijas
vēstnesis” (“Baltic journal”),
“Balss” (“Voice”). At the same time
the pages of these Newspapers defended
the need to reform agricultural
down, which indicates some
the evolution of his political views, and
also offered some projects
reform of local government
according to the principle of greater democratization in
national plan.

Activity during the Social-democratic

With the onset of the revolution
Arved Berg finally devoted himself
political activity, becoming the head
he created the Latvian democratic
party. This initiative never came to
the soul of the Central government,
differing reactionary sentiments
so at the end of 1907 Berg was sent
from Latvia declared in the region
martial law. After returning
showed himself as a supporter
the liberal-democratic attitudes,
in 1911, initiated the creation of the Riga
liberal club.

The first world war

With the onset of the First
world war sent all their
legal and business
the ability to make life easier
countrymen, the victims of the
fighting. In Petrograd helped
the base of the Central Committee
assistance to Latvian refugees, one
of the leaders of which became. Later
began to publish a new organ —
the newspaper “Baltic”, which was published in
1916-17 years.

The change in the political Outlook

In 1917, he stated
their aspirations to create a Latvian
national state, for which
he became the head of the Latvian provisional
of the national Council. Being one of the
the leaders of this are not completely independent
enterprises (part of the country was controlled
German soldiers, a large part
the population sympathized with the Bolsheviks),
began to exaggerate in print the idea
the emergence of a fully sovereign
the Latvian state. After the implementation of
dreams and the failure of the intentions of the Bermont-Avalov
he was elected to the post of Minister of internal
Affairs in 1919, what remained to
1921. At the end of the stay
Ministerial role, Berg chose
to declare a new political force
created the party “National unification”,
which until 1925 was called
“Center for non-party nationalists” and
United representatives of political
forces, expressed their disagreement with the chosen
the government line. Basically its
composed of fairly wealthy
urban residents who tried
to attract voters,
dissatisfied with the course adopted by
of the ruling party. However, the party apparently
around, disappointed his constituents,
since the new election, she invariably
lost representation in Sejm. In
1922, from it to the Sejm were elected 4
the MP, in 1925 — 3, and in 1928 in the diet
were only two national representative
from this Association. In this political
the power that is positioned
principled opposition in
as their ideological zest,
worked on print newspaper
“Latvis”. After 15 may 1934,the party
of course, were abolished and ceased
its existence. Sam Berg left
the political scene and fully immersed
in business.


With the restoration
Soviet power in Latvia in 1940
Arved Berg was deported by the authorities
The NKVD in the inner regions of the USSR. Accurate
date and place of his death are unknown.

Role in the history of Latvia

Being the first supporter
conservative ways of dialogue
with the power to hold in Livonia and
Courland provinces, and also with
the Baltic-German aristocratic
the tip of the edge, Berg soon changed
their worldview and became a fierce and
a consistent supporter of liberalisation
society and of the Board, especially on the eve
the revolution of 1905-1907. After the revolution,
founding the liberal club, gradually
closer to claim
providing the Latvians
full autonomy in the state
plan. Along with Michael Valters and
a number of other ideologues he can split
the role of designers of a sovereign Latvia.
Another thing is that some directly
stakeholders made them
relatively noble idea to play
for yourself, and use them to support
the state of political instability
quite a long period of history
of the country.