Examples of Students Essays

Beketov Nikita Afanasyevich – Abstract

Nikita Afanasyevich
(1729-1794) — General-Lieutenant,
the Governor of the Astrakhan province.

Born September 8,
1729, the son of the Simbirsk magistrates
Colonel Athanasius A.

In 1842, Beketov was
given in the Land cadet corps.
Here, during one of the cadet
performances, Empress Elizabeth
Petrovna drew attention to the beautiful
the young man bestowed it to sergeants and not
forgot it afterwards. Soon after
the Beketov was promoted to second Lieutenant
(7 Oct 1750), and in 1751 was released
from the corps to the army of major-Prime, with
the appointment of the adjutant-General to the count
Razumovsky. Razumovsky brought
for him and obtained him the rank
Colonel, and the Empress granted
his rich estates.

But the rapid rise
Beketov filed in the court areas
suspicion and hostility;
it was decided to remove from the yard. Someone
offered him some cosmetic
remedy for white skin, mutilated
Beketov face, and one state lady
enjoyed the trust and love
Empress Elizabeth, advised
her to remove Beketov as a person
bad behavior that was done
under the pretext of; Beketov
went into the army and soon after his
the visit took part in the Seven-year

19 Aug 1757,
the battle of gross-Egersdorf he took
the baptism of fire and soon after
he was appointed commander of the 4th Grenadier
regiment. 11 Jan 1758 Beketov headed
his regiment participated in the occupation
Konigsberg, from 4 to 13 August, in part
the troops of the main army, was at the siege
fortress Kustrin, and August 14 participated
in the battle of zorndorf, when the 4th
Grenadier regiment, located in
The 2nd line on the right flank of the army of Fermor,
was destroyed almost the entire flank
the attacks of the Prussian cavalry under the command of
Sedlica. 10 officers were killed, 18 wounded,
and the commander of the regiment, Beketov was captured
prisoner, which was released later
two years.

On his return from
captivity he was promoted to Brigadier, and
in 1762 — in General-majors. In 1763
year Beketov was appointed Astrakhan
Governor, and from this time begins
it’s peaceful and very fruitful
activity. Driving Astrakhan
the province, he founded in it a few
of the German colonies. To protect the people
from Kirghiz raids he built
Enotaevsky fortress. The main concern
it was aimed at the development
agriculture, which was doing very little in
the end. For this, he moved there
their peasants from the interior
provinces and built in the steppes of the village.
Then, he drew special attention
breeding the best varieties of grape
vines and the manufacture of good wines, for which
discharged from overseas skilled
the winemakers. However, he took care of
the breeding of silk production, and strengthened
trade relations with Persia, raised and
improved fisheries and established
new rules for charging them tax
so the income from these crafts
paid into the state Treasury
previously, only one in Astrakhan
province, began to arrive almost the whole
Empire, constituting thus one
of the prominent items in the budget. In 1788
Beketov was elected in Astrakhan
the provincial leader of nobility.

For his work Beketov
was awarded the order of St .. Anna 1-St degree,
the rank of Lieutenant and the rank of Senator
(21 April 1773).

In 1771 four hundred
thousand Kalmyks roamed in Astrakhan
province, with all its assets and
the stud went to China, in spite of all
efforts to prevent Beketov
this. A few times in advance
he notified the Board of foreign Affairs,
which were the Kalmyks,
so she took action against resettlement
the Kalmyks, but the reports were not

In 1780, Beketov went
resigned and settled in private
the estate to the delight of the Saratov province
(between Tsaritsyn and Sarepta), near
mineral waters, they also open.
For fourteen years he lived in peace,
in agriculture.

Died 9 Jul 1794
year. His body was buried, because
spiritual will, in another
estate, Turtle, near Astrakhan.

In his youth Beketov
studied poetry and wrote poetry,
mostly songs, some of
they were placed in the collection of songs
published in Moscow in 1780-1781. In addition
poems he wrote a tragedy in
verse “Nicanor” (according to other news
“Oedipus”); its content is taken from the Assyrian
history, but it has not been printed and
burned in the fire that destroyed his house
in the estate of Otrada.


  • Maslowski
    . The Russian army in the Seven years’
    war. Moscow, 1888

  • Russian
    biographical dictionary: The 25 t / under
    the supervision of A. A. Polovtsev. 1896-1918.

  • Beketov Nikita
    A. // Encyclopedic dictionary
    Brockhaus and Efron: In 86 volumes (82 tons, and 4
    EXT.). — SPb.: 1890-1907.